The increase in the price of grains: the bill will be high for hunters in Vienne
The agricultural damage of big game hunters cost Vienne 800,000 euros in 2021. In 2022, the bill may rise to the point of threatening the financial health of the Departmental Federation, according to its president Michel Cuau.
On Facebook, Alain Belloy, president of the Federation of hunters of Indre-et-Loire, wrote a book at the beginning of August with the following message: With the rise in cereal prices, the payment to be paid to farmers for the 2022 harvest will exceed 2 million euros. Against 1 million euros in 2021.
Explanation: the compensation rate for agricultural damage to big game, especially wild boar, is indexed to the price of grains which flared up with the conflict in Ukraine and the drought. In the columns of La Nouvelle Rpublique 37, Alain Belloy estimated that this bill, multiplied by two, could put his federation in a precarious financial situation.
Why should the hunting world pay for everything?
Michel Cuau, President of the Vienne Hunters Federation Mignaloux-Beauvoir
His counterpart from Vienne, Michel Cuau, will find himself facing the same puzzle when the goal announced in the last general meeting aims to reduce this item of expenditure, which amounted to 800,000 euros for 2021, ie a third of the budget. Point.
What is the status of the department?
Michel Cuau (president of the Vienne Hunters Federation) : It is not difficult to calculate. The price of food has doubled and in condition to remain in the same damaged areas, we could have paid nearly 1.5 million euros for agricultural damage in 2022. Hunters’ finances can be unbearable and if we don’t pay, how can we? To fight against this damage, it is necessary to get the wild pigs. Our financial livelihood depends on it.
What’s the problem? They want us to bear everything if we are not responsible for the war in Ukraine or speculation. Why should the hunting world pay for everything? When he was in office at the beginning of the crisis, the Prime Minister Jean Castex declared that the price increase compared to last year will be borne by the state. Will the new Prime Minister and the new Minister of Agriculture follow him in his words? I don’t know.
What if they don’t? At some point, we can’t pay anymore. Lhalf of my budget could be wasted. Trop, it’s too much. To pay, you have to have money and with a hunting world described everyone goes to a population category, I don’t see how I can continue to increase the contribution of hunters to pay for inflationary commodities for which we are not responsible. I prefer to invest as much money as possible in biodiversity. We have done a lot for the environment although part of the population does not want to recognize it.
Is there a solution? We came to a crossroads. We can’t be the only ones paying for this damage to the big game right now. It can no longer be done. In Japan, there is almost no big game and many hunters. The damage is minimal, it can be easily compensated. Now, there are many, many injuries and fewer hunters which means we are reaching the limit of the system.
The method of compensation for damage
> Michel Cuau : If a farmer notices damage to a cultivated plot, he informs the services of the Federation and makes a declaration of damage. In the field, an expert will visit the plot, see the damage. The farmer is present during the provisional appraisal and the final appraisal and he will be paid based on the agreement between the appraiser and himself. Fixing food prices for different crops is decided at the national level by representatives of agriculture, the National Federation of Hunters and the Ministry of Agriculture within a price range. At the departmental level, we, in the committee of the CDCFS (Departmental Commission for Hunting and Wildlife) will decide with the world of agriculture the price of each commodity within the range determined at the national level.
12,000 hunters in the department
For Michel Cuau, a hunter invests an average of 2,000 euros per year to satisfy his passion between the hunting license, territory maps (ACCA and private territories), the dog, the equipment, the different costs… There are 12,000 hunters in Vienna, stable number. “When a hunter takes a big game (wild boar, deer, roe deer), the so-called transport tax wristband is imposed that goes to the fund to pay for the damage. The communities must realize that if the fewer hunters, the greater the damage to agriculture.”
as the number of wild boars harvested in 2020-2021 by hunters from the Vienne Hunters Federation. Of the 290 municipalities in the department where hunting exists, 233 municipalities took samples and of these 233 municipalities, 29 municipalities took 50% of the total harvest. No species is under such significant hunting pressure, which does not prevent it from developing, says Michel Cuau, president of the Vienne Hunters’ Federation.
What is the area of agricultural damage due to big game in 2020-2021?
According to data from the Fédération des chasseurs de la Vienne, 590 hectares of crops were destroyed by large animals, mostly wild boar, according to the following distribution:
> 188 hectares of sowing including pastures 128 ha, mas 51 ha, bl 7 ha…
> 402 hectares of crops including 146 hectares, grassland 84 hectares, wheat 66 hectares, sunflower 63 hectares…
Damage to agriculture in 162 towns
According to data from the Fédération des chasseurs de la Vienne, agricultural damage caused by big game has been observed in 162 communes out of 260 communes in the department where there is hunting, ie 55% of the communes.
> 20 towns out of 162 (ie 7% of towns) accumulated 50% damage
> Among the three most affected municipalities, one municipality observed 63 hectares of damage, the second 27 and the third 23.
> Of the total damage, 35% of pastures, 33% of corn, 12% of sunflower, 11% of wheat.
Wild boar hunting season 2022/2023
> From 1er June 2022 to June 30, 2022 : with the permission of the prefectural, guard hunting or approach.
> From 1er July 2022 to August 14, 2022 : with prefectural permission, driven hunting, guarding or stalking.
> From August 15, 2022 to March 31, 2023 : stalking, stalking or beating only under the responsibility of the hunting license holder.