Climate and environment
In a debate at the General Assembly on Tuesday, senior United Nations officials urged people around the world to change their relationship with nature as the Earth is threatened by climate crisis, pollution and biodiversity loss.
” We know the situation is serious. I saw it in my own country, the Maldives. Recently, more than one-third of the inhabited islands have been hit by floods-unexpectedly at this time of year, affecting lives, livelihoods, agriculture, land and homes. Imagine, when the sea rushes over the island, without warning, and with no destination said the President of the General Assembly, Abdulla Shahid, at the opening of this debate entitled “ time for nature “.
” We knew we were cornered because of our rudeness. We know it will get worse, and faster, as we continue to delay necessary action. “, he added.
But, he said, he was it’s not too late at all “.” We can still change things said Shahid. ” Together, we have the knowledge and resources to achieve lasting change; changes that will lead us to a stronger and more prosperous world “.
According to him, the UN General Assembly has a critical role to play in raising awareness, promoting political consensus, strengthening momentum and providing strategic direction to the UN system in this regard. ” This Assembly will facilitate collaboration within the global community to the extent of the ambition required. “, he whispered.
People have a “key to solutions”
In a video message shown during the debate, UN Secretary-General António Guterres recalled a ” A healthy planet is the foundation for human well-being, sustainable growth and long-term prosperity. “.
Faced with the triple crisis of climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution, people are holding “ key to the solution “sukad” Human activities are the cause of this planetary emergency “, he said.
According to the UN chief, now is the time to change our relationship with nature and plan a new path “.” Together we can and should lead humanity on the path of living in harmony with the planet. “, he declared.
He first thought it necessary limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius “.” At the COP 27 climate conference in Egypt, we need commitments to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 45% by 2030 so that we can achieve net zero emissions by the middle of the century. “, he said.
Second, we need to stop and reverse the loss of nature “.” At the COP 15 biodiversity conference in Montreal, we need a bold global agreement that addresses the root causes of biodiversity loss. “, he said.
Revise our consumption patterns
The President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), Collen V. Kelapile, also felt the need to “ do everything to change our consumption and production standards “.
” We need to step out on the other side of the tunnel into a world that is responsibly acting, consistently meeting the growing needs of our people and preserving nature and our environment. “, he lined up in a speech.
” If we can find the balance of nature and limit our human activities, we have a good chance of success. We owe it to ourselves, and above all to future generations “, he added.
The value of nature should not be replaced by the pursuit of short -term income
The values we hold dear to nature are an essential element of our cultures, identities, economies and ways of life, all of which should be reflected in policy decisions about our natural world, according to a new report. supported by the UN released on Monday.
A recent assessment report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) found, however, that in making policy decisions, too much weight is placed on short-term benefits and growth. in the economy.
An independent intergovernmental scientific and political body, the IPBES secretariat is provided by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).
In the report endorsed by representatives of 139 member states on Saturday, co-chairs Unai Pascual, Patricia Balvanera, Mike Christie and Brigitte Baptiste highlighted ways to integrate nature into making a “limited” policy.
Priority is given to market values
While economic and political decisions often prioritize environmental market values, such as intensive food production, they do not adequately reflect how changes in the natural world affect the quality of life of people.
In addition, policy making does not take into account many non-market values related to the environmental contributions of communities, such as climate regulation and cultural identity.
” Only 2% of the more than 1,000 studies reviewed consulted with stakeholders on the outcome of the nature assessment and only 1% of the studies involved stakeholders at each stage of the nature assessment process. “, They explained.
” Live from, with, in and like nature means providing resources that support the livelihood, needs and wants of the people, including food and material goods, according to the press release issued by the report.
It also focuses on non -human life, such as the rights of fish in the river “ develop independently of human need », And considered the natural world as a” physical, mental and spiritual part of the self “.
” Assessment of values provides decision makers with concrete tools and methods to better understand the values held by individuals and communities about the environment. by Ms. Balvanera.
According to Mr. Christie, “ evaluation is a clear and deliberate process “, depending on” how, why and by whom the evaluation is designed and applied “.
Following this logic, Ms. Baptiste added that “ recognizing and respecting the worldviews, values and traditional knowledge of indigenous and local communities allows policies to be more inclusive, which also translates into better outcomes for people and the environment “.
The change is focused on sustainability and justice
The authors identify four leverage points »Values based on creating conditions for sustainable change with a focus on sustainability and justice.
It ranges from recognizing different environmental values to integrating values into decision-making and policy reform, to align with global goals of sustainability and justice.
” Biodiversity is disappearing and human environmental contributions are deteriorating faster than at any time in human history. said Ana María Hernández Salgar, President of IPBES. ” This is because our current approach to political and economic decisions does not take sufficient consideration of the diversity of environmental values. “.