Dog communication methods: what are they?

Our dogs are stories! They can send a lot of messages related to their emotions and their desires, but do you know how to interpret them?

It is often said that what they lack is speech. However, amidst smells, postures, signals and behaviors, they have a lot to express themselves! We already have to learn to translate to prove that even without words, iro makigkomunikar sometimes even better than us!

Find out what the method of communication our dog uses when he associates with us or his congeners and other animals.

Calming signals: an appropriate means of communication

Turid Rugaas, a Norwegian dog trainer and behaviorist, posted the calming signals discrete messages sent by the dog in different ways. Understanding these signals means improving interactions in our dogs, and better understanding what happens in exchanges between dogs. So it is also useful to interspecific relationship (human/dog) than intraspecific relationship (doggie).

Turid Dugaas is the author of the book “Calming Signals: The Basics of Canine Communication”. He explained how identifying situations where the dog is stressed to adapt our character.

The purpose of the calming signal is to end what the dog perceives as external aggression. She uses this method of communication as a preventive measure to express discomfort, anxiety, discomfort.

Some of the most common signals include:

  • Licking your nose or lips;
  • Freeze with tail between legs;
  • Smell the ground;
  • Yawn;
  • To close the eyes;
  • Go around;
  • Look in the other direction;
  • Lie down or sit.

Most of these signals are postural. So, when the other dog noticed them and got along well with him, he adjust their behavior by slowing down his approach, or by sending a friendly message instead.

We as human beings also need to consider this to understand the cause of their anxiety and stop it. We can also reassure them by sending friendly signals instead. The dog is barking, you can shout back. Did he turn his head? Don’t try to focus him in the eye or insist on contact. Wait until he is available or more peaceful.

If the dog uses his body to express himself: postural communication

As we have seen, canine code is largely composed of postural communication. Also, if a dog is well-balanced, knows how to send and receive signals, we call him “well-coded”. In contrast, a dog that doesn’t understand and doesn’t know how to make itself understand is said to have “bad code”.

Postural communication is more about canine body language. He got this way of communication from his first weeks of life when he was a puppy, during the time spent with his mother and siblings. Here are some examples of postural communication:

  • Waving the tail to express joy;
  • Put his tail between his legs to show that he is afraid;
  • Lower the ears of the head to warn that he is ready to attack;
  • Raise the back side by making small hops to call play.

So body language identifies both good mood than his stress or his anger. It is used in dog-human communication, but it is also a language of the dogs themselves.

If our dogs use their truffle to get information: olfactory communication

The sense of smell is the most developed sense in dogs. This makes it possible to retrieve an innumerable amount of information, but also to communicate with congeners. In addition, if one dog sniffs under another, it will take away its identity and recover many of its symptoms. During his walks, our doggie constantly noses the ground, analyzing all the odors and signs he can find.

Its comrades left pheromones identifying who they are and letting your 4-legged friend know their path, their emotions, their health, their sex … The odors deposited by the dog are produced by the sebaceous glands (at the root of the hair) and in the sweat glands (in the bearings).

It is common for the dog to sniff the back of people or even the cat in the neighborhood to gather information and understand their emotions. While cats show themselves by feeling the muzzle and dogs by approaching the nose from behind them, this often causes misunderstanding between dogs and cats!

The smell of a delayed communication because the dog can read the message a few hours or even a few days after it is placed by another animal or human. That’s why dogs are used to find missing people.

Unfortunately for our doggie, we don’t know the messages he left with his scents. Only us and his colleagues give him the data he is looking for.

do you know the dog has between 100 and 300 million olfactory cells according to the difference while the people have only 5 million. The dog’s brain can register more than 100,000 smells. Finally, our 4-legged friend’s olfactory lobe is 40 times larger than ours!

Whether our dogs use their voice to express themselves: vocal or acoustic communication

Among the dog’s means of communication, the use of voice is one of the most important in olfaction. In fact, among the sounds our doggie can make, there is a whole range to express different feelings.

  • The moans: often signs of complaints expressing pain, jealousy, but also positive information when done in a match situation.
  • The growls: their goal is to warn or threaten to stop a behavior. This is often done when the message sent through postural communication is not heard or respected. Sometimes, during the game, our dogs can also bark non -aggressively. This is the case in the context of a tire wheel (or tug) with a rope, for example.
  • Barking: it expresses many different emotions and should be interpreted according to the situation. They can be a sign of joy and excitementwhen the master comes home, for example, or during a game. They also express fear, warning (when the doorbell rings, for example) or disappointment.

At the same time, our 4-legged friend is very sensitive to the intonation we use when we talk to him. It’s not the vocabulary that matters, though the tone we use. He knows how to recognize our different emotions like joy, anger, fear …

So voice is used in different contexts to express a whole variety of emotions and messages. It is therefore advisable to carefully observe, in addition, the posture of the dog, the presence or absence of calming signals, and so on.

If our doggie uses his eyes to communicate: visual communication

The dog observes very closely the mimicry or facial expressions of his congeners like ours. The more social a species is, the more different it imitates.

Some examples:

  • Move his ears;
  • Expand his disciples;
  • roll his chops;
  • Open the mouth;
  • Stick out your tongue.

All of these actions are intended to send a specific message that corresponds to the emotions and state of mind in which the dog is when he is doing it. Sighting is also an important communication tool, so don’t look a dog in the eye, for example, which can be thought of as a threatening message.

The dog also watched his master’s gaze verify a validation or dissatisfaction with his behavior.

In the end, preventiont also go through the vision: this often results in the fact of its deviation, which is the first step.

the visual communication So very close to postural communication. But with age, vision decreases and dogs have more difficulty in their communication, because everything seen is less effective.

When dogs learn tactile communication from us

We humans have needed touch since we were kids. In fact, from the hammock, the little man held his feet by his hands, covering his fingers with his parent’s hand. To dogs, it is not natural. It is a means of communication acquired in human education because the animal is a pup, at the time of its socialization.

Their tactile communication is limited to a few movements of the front legs and a few licks (or bites). However, because caresses are about positive interactions, kind and pleasant gestures, the dog will learn when he is a puppy to thank them and then ask for them. She loves to talk, take care of him, bring him social contacts to answer one of his basic needs, because the dog is a gregarious animal. He quickly learned to find physical contact with people. In addition, the dog is very aware of how to behave differently according to the individuals he knows and his requests will be adapted to the people in front of him.

To find out dog language, so it is to claim to conspire with his beast because you can better understand what he is saying and so that you can understand him. In order to send him the correct codes, you need to be very attentive to tone you use (rather than vocabulary) as well expressions you adopt. You should too observe each in his posture and its signals.

Leave a Comment