Education: many differences in ratings between Czech schools

“In summary, for two students who get the same result on international tests, the point of difference in the grades obtained at the school has a huge influence on their willingness or non-application to the schools. and choose or not a course they want. take them to university. Grades become more important than knowledge itself, which is reflected in test scores. »

I read in your study that up to 80% of ninth graders who get 1 (highest grade) in math want to go to college, while that’s only 39% of those who get 3. The study also showed the gender differences in scoring. : in general, women are more likely to get a third taller than men. How do you explain that?

Daniel Munich |  Photo: Jana Šustová, Ro

“Gender differences are known and recognized; this is not only the case with the Czech system, but it is an international problem. The most obvious interpretation is that knowledge grades also include some form of behavioral evaluation (how students do their homework, how good they are in class, etc.). At this age, women perform better. Here the grades fail, because they examine both of these factors, but most people think that pure academic progress is examined in this way. »

Do socio-economic differences also play a role?

“Yes, and in a very similar way. Students from lower socio -economic backgrounds – that is, students whose parents do not monitor whether they go to school on time or do their homework correctly – are more likely to have lower grades. Once again, our interpretation is that ratings in part reflect the behavior of individuals, even if it is not something we can prove.

Is it possible to know how much of this event caused the loss of talent in the Czech Republic?

Pictorial photo: Štěpánka Budková, Radio Prague Int.

“The idea is that if grades don’t provide enough information or mislead parents and their children, then they are more likely to resort to inappropriate educational and career paths. We know that the Czech education system is very selective. It depends very much on the chosen school and its preparation. So it seems to bring in a lot of self -disqualification from talented students who receive lower grades than they should. Otherwise, it also leads to the fact that students who get better grades than they should get may have high ambitions. »

I noticed in reading your study that you compare the math results, because the levels are easy to compare. Do you also study other disciplines in your research, or do you focus on math?

Pictorial Photo: Alexas_Fotos, Pixabay, Pixabay License

We focus on mathematics because it is an exam subject for PISA (Program for International Student Assessment) and TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study), which are the closest international tests to the national program. For the life and earth sciences, there can be many differences. That is, we examined but did not find much difference in the results of studies measuring the level of students in this subject. »

What do you want the national education to get out of your studies?

Photo: Michaela Danelová, Ro

“First of all, don’t give too much importance to the notes. Not only the government and schools – but parents – need to understand that they are not everything, despite a system that relies heavily on them. Also, it is good to add other forms of assessment, such as written assessment, because it is a clear way to see the level of students as well as their behavior. »

The full study:

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