Posted on July 5, 2022, 5:24 PMUpdated on July 5, 2022 at 6:34 PM
“It is not true that the heart of economies, on the scale of five or ten years, is in the decline in the number of civil servants”, Emmanuel Macron explained at the end of December. A symbolic evolutionary position of the Head of State in five years, was chosen by a program to reduce the number of public officials before a change began in 2019 that prompted him to promise strength in his first five-year term. .
And yet, despite this new creed, the state has declined in the past year. This emerged from the report published on Monday by the Court of Auditors on the implementation of the 2021 budget. Total number of jobs 1.91 million. So it remains modest, but it will come after a one-year increase in 2020 and the promise of a strong workforce by 2021 to meet the needs for strengthening public services expressed in time. of crises (“yellow vests”, Covid) in recent years.
National education recruitment problems
In fact, the State seems to be underestimating its workers who are unaware of it of its own volition. The error in particular in the Ministry of the Armed Forces (which lost 485 positions when 300 were to be made) and in particular in National Education which saw its workers cut to about 4,000 jobs when the stability- on planned.
How can this phenomenon be explained for National Education? This is a new illustration of the difficulties in the recruitment ministry, with the declining number of candidates for the competition. The Court of Auditors also recommended “increasing the termination of service of teachers (especially since the introduction of a possibility of the usual termination of the law in 2019)”, which will also go in the direction of a problem of attractiveness in these professions. Finally, finance magistrates lined up for “more retirement than expected”.
If workers were therefore slightly reduced, it would not have prevented the wage bill from continuing an upward movement that began in 2015. The State therefore offered 32% of all its spending to its personnel last year, overall. 134.7 billion euros. Of this amount, an estimated 91 billion was explained by wage spending (some set aside for pensions) which has therefore increased by 1.9%, which is fast compared to + 1.1% in 2020. This is a level of increase “higher than the average in the last ten years (about +1.1%)”, the Court said.
Departments are better
If the State spends a lot of resources (1.67 billion more compared to 2020) to pay its agents, it is mainly because of the category measures taken last year (for 727 million). This is of particular concern to the Ministries of the Armed Forces and of National Education. It is also necessary to add the effects of individual advances on agents excluding general or categorical measures, which are involved in promotion.
Finally, the Court stressed that after “three years of near-stability between 2012 and 2014”, the state wage bill (excluding pensions) “will increase significantly between 2015 and 2021 with an estimated 10.1 billion euros in regular coverage, which is more. Than in a quarter for 2017 alone “before a slowdown after 2018. This year 2017 marked the start of categorical measures (the so -called “PPCR” protocol) and the only increase in the index point claimed between 2010 and 2021. Therefore, the financial year of 2022 should consist of a much larger scale, with the announcement of revaluation of the index point of 3.5% (for an estimated 7.5 billion).
For ten years, finance magistrates have pointed out that this overall wage increase consists of “differences between ministries”. Thus, during 2012-2021, the most prominent were National Education (+7.8 billion euros), the Interior (+2.2 billion) and Justice (+1 billion), all three of which were further strengthened- on in the coming years.