This mission has already been mentioned. But now, these areof the commands that arouse it. Who details it, though. Since they published a white paper of about 115 pages to explain how they intended to find and a “Earth 2.0”. By relying on a new generation space observatory whose launch is scheduled for the end of 2026. The mission “UG” – for “Earth 2.0” – while they were baptizing it. Because the goal is there: to find one .
“It’s like the Earth inhabiting the planets aroundof the solar type, i.e. Earth 2.0, is probably the best place to look because of their environment chemical and possibly biological similar to Earth ”, explain the researchers. That’s why the idea of first identifying an Earth 2.0 before starting to search for signs of life.
At the base of the project, seven telescopes, such asfrom NASA, may be “stopped” on for four years. Six of these – every 30 centimeters in diameter – point to the same region of the sky as Kepler has already observed. To find your way faster. Around of the Swan and of the Lira. Specially designed to overcome the noise Kepler discovered around solar-type stars, they can track on .
The seventh ET mission telescope will face the center of ours. With the aim of identifying the phenomena of gravitational microlenses in particular to betray the presence of certain wandering exoplanets. Planets no longer attached to a star. And actually, it’s even harder to flush.
More than a dozen Terres 2.0 to be found
Because, what the ET mission is looking for is not just planets the size of Eartharound the stars similar to ours and far close to what we know of our Planet, but all terrestrial type planets. Also those whose orbits are different from our Earth and therefore, possible laags.
Chinese researchers have already done some simulations. They announced that the ET mission should find about 29,000 new exoplanets. Among them, nearly 4,900 are the size of our Earth. And, considering that the occurrence rate on rocky planets similar to ours is 10%, probably between 10 and 20 Earth 2.0. All from 2030, therefore.
If these Lands 2.0 are already known, their composition still needs to be studiedand to determine if water can flow over their surface. Next, researchers should look for biomarkers – such as methane or oxygen – or – such as transmissions – which may indicate that life developed there.
The white paper published by the researchers leading the project also tells us that the ET mission doesn’t stop there. It also focuses on tens of thousands of things in ouron or others . As well as some of our oldest stars . To help better understand our evolution .