A variety whose history dates back to 1977, the Czech Mountain Dog was born to meet the demand for sled dogs for cynological games. Czechoslovakia at that time actually lacked classic sled dogs such as the husky and Alaskan malamute, for example.
Crossbreeding a Slovak Chuvach and a Canadian draft dog has thus created a breed that is easy to care for and can do a lot of work. With a drying length of 59 to 70 cm, weighing up to 40 kg, the “český horský pes” white with yellow or black spots, a long coat that makes it very resistant – especially in the cold of the mountain peaks Giants, as explained by the spokesman of the Czech-Moravian Cynological Union Vladimíra Tichá:
“It’s a much stronger variety. I’ve heard that a postman in the Giant Mountains has one, and the dog carries his letter. It’s a variety made for a harsh environment. I wouldn’t recommend it. it is for people living in overheated apartments. »
A dog made for height
The skills of Czech Mountain Dogs are tested not only in competitions, but especially in expeditions. After the first trials on Czech territory, the Šumava massif and the Giant Mountains, the first expedition went to the Lower Tatras, Slovakia, in 1982. There, the group led by Petr Hanzlík – the Czech pedigree – not tested. not only Czech Mountain Dogs, but also equipment and tools suitable for longer and more difficult expeditions. Then, a real test for dogs and boys, two expeditions were organized in the Soviet Union, the first in 1989 in the polar Urals, followed by an expedition to the frozen region of Lake Baikal. In both cases, dogs and men prevailed, as Vladimíra Tichá recounted with a personal anecdote:
“I was recently in the mountains, near Bruntál, with my husband, and we stopped at a restaurant where there were pictures of a Czech mountain dog on the wall. I said to the owner: ‘But that’s a Czech mountain dog you have!’ He was surprised that I knew him, since he is not a famous dog breed. He sat down with us and carried a logbook describing how he came to Lake Baikal with the dogs in the Czech mountains. He said it’s 40 under zero, and most of the breeds commonly used as sled dogs can barely walk. But our Czech mountain dog, he was first of all. »
Versatile draft dog
Originally made for harnessing, if carrying or pulling loads was not a problem for him, the Czech Mountain Dog also proved itself by performing a variety of tasks: so it was used in agriculture as a flock, but he can also be a good savior. dog and tracker. He is also good at obedience and agility activities, and his friendly nature makes him an ideal partner in dog therapy.
A truly versatile dog, therefore, the Czech Mountain Dog is also increasingly playing the role of a pet-as long as its owner is of an active nature, whether it is raining, snowing or selling, the Czech Mountain Dog will definitely not let you down. rest in front of the television. Finally, “českohorák”, as it is called colloquially, is a good dog. Vladimir Ticha:
“The Czech Mountain Dog is very close to his master, whom he takes full care of. If you live in a remote area and have a Czech Mountain Dog, you don’t have to worry about theft: your dog is watching. This is a pedigree for which we are waiting to see what it is, because it is not recognized by the International Cynological Federation, and it does not currently meet the necessary conditions for possible identification. »
Recognition under strict conditions
In fact, in order for a variety to be officially recognized internationally, it must meet very strict conditions, as Vladimíra Tichá explains:
“For a race to qualify as a national, it is enough to see the light of day in a State. However, between the moment someone decides to breed a new national variety and its recognition by the International Cynological Federation (FCI), there is a long way to go, as conditions are very strict today. 1000 puppies will have to be distributed, and official breed health reports will have to be provided. It is necessary that the families of dogs are not related, it is necessary to prove the behavior and present the pattern of the breed, that is, show what it looks like. International recognition then means that diversity can be extended to all FCI member countries. This is important, of course, because otherwise the pedigree is propagated only where the organization allows it. Some countries have breeds not recognized by the FCI; however, the breeder must be very eager to gain international recognition. Currently, there are more than 360 generations in the nomenclature of the International Cynological Federation. »
The Czech Mountain Dog, therefore, is currently only a “national breed”. So far, about 200 people have been identified.