Budget/health allocation, education and social protection: what does it mean for each Burkinabè

• Between 2,000 and 30,000 FCFA

• Rapid decline in investments

• For the benefit of current expenses

How much does the State spend on health, education and social protection for each Burkinabè for the years 2020, 2021 and 2022? According to the report on the citizen monitoring the implementation of budgets allocated to essential public services (health, education and social protection), published on May 27, 2022 by the Center for Studies and Applied Research on Public Finances (CERA -FP), an answer to this question was found.

19,000 FCFA per Burkinabe and per year
According to the document, in 2020, the government of Burkinabè will allocate 17,229 FCFA for health care in each Burkinabè out of an amount of 353.003 billion FCFA. In 2021, the health sector will receive 398.137 billion FCFA, including 19,046 FCFA for health per Burkinabè.
For the year 2022, the initial state budget allocated is 442.669 billion FCFA to the health sector, amounting to 20,189 FCFA allocated per Burkinabè. Regarding gross domestic product, the health sector budget reached 4.16% in 2022, compared to 4.04% in 2021 and 3.95% in 2020. Examining the budget by type of spending reveals a predominance of current spending representing the average. which is 67.56% of budget allocations to the sector, against 32.44% of investment spending for the benefit of the sector. Over the period, there has been a relative decline in investment costs, falling from 37.24% in 2020 to 28.29% in 2022. The budget share stands at 13.94% in 2020, 14.90% in 2021 and 15.16% in 2022. Compared to the 2022. target, it only reached 2022.

27,000 FCFA for education
Looking at the amounts provided by the education sector, what jumps the eye is that the state of Burkinabè attaches importance to it. 28,420 FCFA is the amount spent by the government in each Burkinabè on education, out of a budget of 623.154 billion FCFA. In 2020, it represents, for each Burkinabè, the amount of 27,462 FCFA in 2021 and 27,959 FCFA in 2020 from the respective budgets of 574 billion FCFA in 2021 and 572.830 billion FCFA in 2020.
As a percentage of the total budget, they stood at 22.62%each; 21.48% and 21.35% respectively in 2020, 2021 and 2022. Compared to the 20% target, this is respected at the time under review. In relation to gross domestic product, the education sector budget stands at 5.85% in 2022, compared to 5.83% in 2021 and 6.41% in 2020, compared to a global average of 3 to 4% of GDP. Examining the budget by type of spending reveals the amount of current spending representing an average of 91% of budget allocations, against 9% of investment spending for the benefit of the education sector. Over time, there has been a relative decline in investment spending, falling from 12.14% in 2020 to 8.48% in 2022.

Social protection: 2,700 CFA francs per year
The social protection of every Burkinabè has not failed. To enable every Burkinabè to cope with this, the government is offering, in 2022, the amount of 2,762 FCFA per Burkinabe, from the budget of 60.564 billion FCFA in 2022 from the Ministry of Social Action. Of the 38.847 billion FCFA in 2021, 1,858 FCFA will be dedicated to it and 2,275 FCFA in 2020 out of a total of 46.614 billion FCFA. As a percentage of the total budget, it stands at 1.84% in 2020; 1.45% in 2021 and 2.07% in 2022.
The 3.5% target was not reached at the time under review. Regarding gross domestic product, the sector budget stands at 0.57% in 2022, against 0.39% in 2021 and 0.52% in 2020. Examining the budget by type of spending reveals a predominance of spending representing an average of 74.5%. on budget. sector allocation, against 34.5% of investment spending for the benefit of the sector. Over the period, there has been a significant decline in investment spending, falling from 34.5% in 2020 to 4.9% in 2022; at the same time, current spending increased from 65.5% in 2020 to 95.1% in 2022.o
Synthesis of Ambèternifa Crépin SOMDA

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Health, education and social protection: reducing investment costs 2020,2021 and 2022

According to some economists, a country thrives thanks to investments. According to the CERA-FP report, there will be a significant reduction in Burkinabè State investment spending in the field of health, education and social protection for the years 2020, 2021 and 2022. On the other hand, current spending ( operating, personnel, etc.) are increasing. This worrying situation should call on governments to rectify the situation while there is still time.

Edition number: 444

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