National education in Burkina: The progress recorded in 2021 and challenges to be met

The Minister of National Education, Literacy and the Promotion of National Languages, Lionel Bilgo, presided, this Thursday, June 23, 2022 in Ouagadougou, the signing ceremony of the aide-mémoire of the tenth and final Mission Joint Monitoring Program (MCS) of the Basic Education Strategic Development Program (PDSEB). The ceremony also marked the end of PDSEB, its implementation lasting a decade (2012-2021).

The state of education in Burkina Faso in 2021 presents a mixed picture between satisfaction and feeling better. In fact, during a ceremony uniting the first head of the department in charge of education, Lionel Bilgo, the representative of the technical and financial partners in the sector and education stakeholders, the assessment conducted was not very pink but inspiring. of satisfaction about the state of national security.

The point of the tenth joint monitoring mission of the PDSEB revealed a balance sheet between figs and grapes. In fact, among the recommendations of the ninth SAM, only one in six was fully implemented. Of the other five that have not been implemented, three have been renewed and two, whose levels of implementation are too high, will be completed soon. This is in part due, according to the actors, to the security situation in Burkina Faso. It did not affect the performance of other sectors.

The ceremony took place in the presence of national education actors

The programs are well implemented

In the “Access” program, the results improved significantly. Thus, the preschool rate increased to 6.2% in 2019/2020 against 6% in 2020/2021. At the primary level, the gross admission rate (GRA) was 97.3% in 2020/21, an increase of 2.4% compared to 2019/2020. Post-primary, GCR increased from 40.32% in 2019/20 to 42.9% in 2020/21. The secondary recorded TBA that increased from 16.7% in 2019/2020 to 19.5% in 2020/21, i.e. 19.4% in males and 19.6% in females. This marks an increase of 2.8%. TBS rose from 21.9% in 2019/2020 to 22.3% in 2020/21, an increase of 0.4%.

The results of the “Improving the quality of formal basic education” program show a completion rate of 62.4% in 2021 against 60.3% in 2020, at the primary level. That’s an increase of 2.1%. In the post-primary, the same rate is 36.7% in 2021 against 39.0% in 2020, i.e. a drop of 2.3%. In the secondary, it is 20.0% in 2021 compared to 17.5% in 2020.

On examination, the success rate of the Certificate of Primary Studies will be 60.0% in 2021 (62.3% in males and 58.2% in females) compared to 66.0% in 2020. In BEPC, 27.8% in 2021 and 40.% in baccalaureate.

Performances were also recorded at the level of non -formal education. Among adults, the number of learners will be 14,266 in 2021 compared to 13,647 in 2020. And the success rate of centers for teenagers, all formulas combined, is 94.2% in 2021 compared to 91.8% by 2020.

Lionel Bilgo, Minister of National Education, Literacy and Promotion of National Languages

This is due to many and different reasons. As solutions, members of the joint monitoring mission recommended the maintenance of the school canteen, the timely construction of educational infrastructure, the management of the educational and training needs of out -of -school children, the improvement of management, capacity building of teachers. for appropriate care of students with learning difficulties, additional allocation for education in emergency situations and non-formal education, maintenance of deconcentration of financial resources, a budget more sensitive to the quality of education, the continuation of social dialogue.

For the Minister of National Education, Literacy and Promotion of National Languages, the security situation and delays explain the non-compliance of some programs. “The report highlights some shortcomings despite the willingness and fervent desire of actors in the education system to face these challenges. It should be noted that insecurity and administrative slowness in the areas have hampered. to implement some projects.It leads us to renew these projects with more enthusiasm and enthusiasm for what they have done ”, explained Lionel Bilgo.

Jil Haentges, First Secretary of the Luxembourg Embassy in Burkina Faso, leader of technical and financial partners in the education and training sector.

These developments are to the satisfaction of Jil Haentges, First Secretary of the Luxembourg Embassy in Burkina Faso, who plays the role of leader of technical and financial partners in the education and training sector. “We have noticed that significant progress has been made in 2021. But there are still challenges to be faced, especially in emergency education,” the diplomat said.

The end of the PDSEB marks, according to Jil Haentges, the beginning of the Strategic Plan for the Development of Basic and Secondary Education (PSDEBS) and his country as well as other partners in the education sector are ready to support the government in Burkinabè to implement it.

Jacques Theodore Balima

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