“We need to rethink our relationship with the animal”

– Morocco has recorded, to date, one confirmed case and another suspect of monkeypox as well as seven other suspected cases that have turned negative. Will MonkeyPox leave to rethink the link between man and animal?

– That’s the whole point. If the future is pandemic, even more infections will become generalized and become pandemics. For 30 years, we have seen an epidemic every 3 or 4 years, such as H1N1, SAR 2003, and so on. Studies have shown that between 1960 and 2004, 365 diseases emerged, of which 60% were of animal origin. To avoid possible new pandemics, we need to rethink our relationship with animals and nature in general. This is why we talk about planetary health. There is a common health between people, fauna and flora.

– What indicates the spread of viruses, including monkeypox, from animals to humans?

– There are many ways in which viruses can be transmitted. It should be emphasized that each animal and human species has its own viruses, which usually circulate between members of the same species. Sometimes viruses jump on species to infect members of another species. When a disease of animal origin is mentioned, it is called zoonosis.

In humans, there are viruses that are transmitted directly from animals to humans, commonly called zoonotic transmission, and human-to-human transmission, which passes through sex or blood in particular. For monkeypox, it is a transmission from an infected animal to humans. These animals are commonly found in central Africa and West Africa, in some tropical forests and swamps. It could be a transmission from person to person, requiring close contact, face -to -face contact for more than 2 hours, or contact with vesicles that come out of the patient’s skin.

– Monkeypox and Coronavirus, like many viruses, already exist. However, throughout the night, they reappeared and quickly spread. Don’t you think that humans, or laboratories, are behind such proliferation?

– It won’t happen all night. Viruses have a long history of evolution and mutation before they spread. Now we are in a globalized world, where travel is accelerating and accelerating this transmissibility. Whether a laboratory or someone is behind this reproduction, we are talking about bioterrorism. Maybe one day there will be an accidental drop of viruses studied in laboratories. This is why safety practices are more stringent in laboratories. We cannot blame conspiracies to hide our human failures

– Is the conspiracy theory possible?

– Conspiracy theories have existed in the past and will never end. They have always accompanied human history. The conditions most appropriate for conspiracy theories are crises, whether economic, social, political, or even health… These theories explain unreasonable, unreasonable and unscientific ways facts that there are scientific sources and explanations. . Science is based on evidence and proof, not on sentiment and conspiracy theories.

– You recently said that there is no specific treatment for this virus, or a vaccine. Are other vaccines and treatments effective?

– There is no vaccine or specific treatment for monkeypox. That is, no antiviral treatment or vaccine has been studied, or clinical trials conducted specifically for monkeypox.

For the simple reason that there are few cases of monkeypox from small parts of the world where it is transmitted from animals to humans with highly localized cases. There is no specific research on this virus. But we have vaccines made against human pox, which is a viral disease whose virus is similar to monkeypox.

Studies have shown that they are 85% effective against monkeypox. Today we have vaccines and antivirals that are effective against monkeypox, but are intended to fight another disease. That is why we say that there is no specific treatment.

– If there is an increase in the rate of transmissibility of this virus, what solutions are possible?

– For every problem there is a solution. Scientifically, there is no evidence that the monkeypox virus mutates. Preliminary genetic studies, which are still ongoing, or epidemiological analysis of cases of infection have not shown any mutation in this virus. Unexpectedly there is increased transmissibility. It is expected that there will be more cases related to human contact and travel. So we will keep the transmission chains under control and a vaccination that will only contact contact persons who are at risk.

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