It is important for the handler to teach his dog many commands and tricks. Teaching him to walk backwards helps in many ways, as this trick helps the handler maintain a small distance from a troubled dog. But it’s also an interesting command to help the pooch who is practicing some cat games like agility or allowing an animal trapped in a narrow space to get out on its own. Let’s take a look at how to teach your pet to back up.
Why teach your dog to retreat?
All learning is beneficial for the dog. Not only does it teach him a new trick or a new order, but it also helps to strengthen his bond with his master and develop his desire to satisfy him by repeating the correct characteristics. Each learning gained facilitates the teaching of the following exercise, and so on. The animal is stimulated physically and intellectually, which allows it to develop its skills and develop its reactive.
Teaching your dog to back up, or more accurately walk backwards, can have three important uses:
- This learning helps channel and better control a troubled animal, which will eventually seek to dominate its master or become more sticky. Backing up is sometimes more effective with these doggies than “sit down!” or “come down!” or “don’t move!”.
- This teaching is also very useful when the animal engages in certain physical activities such as agility, obedience tests or other dog games. Walking backwards may be necessary in the context of these different habits.
- Walking backwards can be life-saving if the dog is trapped in an area that is too narrow to turn around, such as a hole or tunnel. Other nosed animals are more likely to search and scratch anywhere even if it means being hit this way.
Teaching your dog to back up: the interest of the clicker
Positive learning approaches based on goodness, strength, motivation and consistency have been promoted for many years. More respectful of the animal than traditional methods, they have already proven themselves.
The principle of operation is simple. The owner encouraged his dog and accompanied him in his learning and emphasized the positive points. It’s about praising and rewarding positive behaviors to encourage the dog to breed it. Mistakes are ignored to invite the dog to stop them on his own. So the doggie is completely involved in his learning. Rewarded and encouraged, he was happy to please his master and to do good deeds.
In contrast, traditional education is based on the punishment of negative behavior. The dog is punished for his mistakes, not appreciating the achievements, but only pushing the pooch to do the right things for fear of punishment. The dog is not ready to learn, he learns under coercion, so as not to be scolded, punished, or even to avoid the effects of the choke collar, the electric collar or other similar process.
The clicker is a very useful tool for teaching your dog a trick of kindness. It’s a small instrument that releases a “click” when you operate on it to let the dog understand that he’s doing well. Combined with medications, which act as a reward, the clicker is safe for the dog and quickly becomes a healthy stimulus for the pooch.
How to teach your dog to back up?
Teaching your dog to walk backwards is a simple command, but you need to be patient, kind and strong. In strength, we emphasize the importance of consistency and staying focused on your purpose. It is important to impose a learning framework and limits on the dog’s daily life to reassure and reassure him, but also to allow him to thrive in a healthy environment. Strength is completely not the same as punishment, violence or shame, behaviors that have no place in dog training.
It also seems important to us to emphasize that all learning must be done with patience and slowly. Each order must be divided into steps. This is what is needed each step is perfectly mastered before proceeding to the next, if you don’t have to go back, or even square one. This will waste your precious time and confuse your dog. Systematically follow the rhythm of your animal. He may need time to get to one stage, and manage to get to the next one quickly. Be patient and you will reap the rewards of your efforts.
Here are tips we advise you to follow to teach your pooch to walk backwards.
Method n ° 1: teach your dog to walk backwards without obstacles
This first method teaches your dog the motion of walking backwards without an obstacle. Here are the steps to follow.
- Step 1: Live with your pet in your living room or in your garden. Stand facing your pooch and hold food in one of your hands. Your dog should be able to see that the food is in your hand, but you should hold it with your palm covered.
- Step 2: close your hand (palm closed) on his muzzle then stick it to his nose. At the same time, slowly move forward, saying “back up!” on several occasions. or “back!”. This should cause your pooch to back up. Take your dog three to four steps back and praise him. Then give him his attention.
- Step n ° 3: when step n ° 2 is fully mastered, start again, avoiding touching your dog’s muzzle. Your hand should be placed close to his nose, but not touching it. Then increase the distance between your animal and you even more.
The command can be considered mastered if your dog is able to get away from you by backing up with the simple oral command “back up!” or “back!”.
Method n ° 2: teach your dog to walk backwards down an aisle
This technique can be added to the previous or used alone in a dog that needs a more precise framework to walk backwards. In fact, some dogs may not back down and instead try to hold their master’s hand.
- Step 1: Create a kind of narrow hallway with lots of things (a board, furniture, chairs, boxes, etc.). The hallway space should be narrow enough that your dog cannot side with it or turn to the side.
- Step 2: Place your pet at the entrance of this corridor. His back should be placed in the hallway and his head should be turned to you. Stand up to him.
- Step 3: Place a medicine in your hand, palm closed. Your dog needs to see it before you close it so he knows it’s there. Reach for him and slowly move forward to encourage him to walk backwards down the aisle, while giving him the command “back up!” or “back!”. The corridor will keep him in this position to force him to move back into a limited space.
- Step 4: When your dog succeeds, make him happy and offer him food to reward him.
- Step 5: if these steps are fully mastered, you can remove the obstacles, slowly if necessary.
Whichever method you use, you can introduce the clicker to reward your pooch. Make a click when he succeeds in an action to encourage him to start again. Over time, the clicker will replace the focus, then become useless once the order is fully integrated. Of course, you should always congratulate your animal, in person or with a caress, to show him that you are proud of him and to encourage him in his efforts.