Will we run out of school teachers, language or math teachers at the start of the school year? While unions and parents of students have warned about a shortage of substitutes in schools, the number of candidates for teaching competitions has declined. This was enough to raise fears of staff shortages in September. “We are almost in a state of emergency in National Education”, believes that Snes-FSU, like other unions, is calling for making work more attractive.
Few candidates in mathematics and German
The concerns are based on the first results of the teaching competitions, which will be published in mid-May (the results of all the competitions will be given in July). For the External Capes in Mathematics, only 816 candidates qualified for the 1,035 positions. This is “twice the number in 2021, when the year 100 positions were not filled”, alarmed Snes-FSU, the first second-degree union. The union believes that hundreds of math teacher positions will not be filled by 2022.
Same story on the Capes of German side, according to Snalc (National Union of high schools and colleges), with 83 qualified for 215 positions. School teacher competition (CRPE) is also a concern, especially in the Paris region, with for example the Créteil academy 1,079 open positions and only 521 qualified candidates, identified Le Parisien. For CRPE, SNUipp-FSU, the leading first-degree union, clarified that the attendance rate for the first written exams “reaching one of the lowest levels in history”.
According to the Ministry of Education, the decrease in candidates for competitive examinations has mainly affected this year. math or german. “Traditionally, in France or other countries, in mathematics and science we have the most difficulty” in recruitment, explained on May 13, Jean-Michel Blanquer, Minister of Education still.
What are the consequences for students?
Result: “We are almost in a state of emergency in National Education”, alerted on June 3 by France Inter Sophie Vénétitay, secretary general of Snes-FSU. He estimates that at the start of next school year “nothing will happen, contrary to the ministerial mantra, a teacher in front of each class. For Stéphane Crochet, secretary general of SE-What, the start of the 2022 school year “seems very difficult”.
with lacking in substitutes has long been observed in schools. At the college of Pierre de Ronsard de Mornant, between Saint-Etienne and Lyon, Italian lessons were not given in the middle of the year. In Villejuif, in Val-de-Marne, parents of students protested against the non-replacement of teachers. Because of this situation, “There are more than 1,000 days that children are out of school” in Villejuif, said Aurélien Azan, president of the association of parents of students at the George Sand school. “Now in my children’s kindergarten there is a teacher who has not been replaced and so on every day, in all the schools in the city.“, Criticized this father.
Same grunts in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, northeast of Bordeaux. Back from the winter holidays, already 150 school days without a teacher counted in schools in the Saint-André-de-Cubzac district, according to SNUipp-FSU criticizing “a deterioration in education with numbers reaching 35, even 36, or 37 students ” per class, because children without a teacher can be accommodated in other classes.
A situation that has added to the many losses of teachers in previous waves of Covid-19. So how can this current shortage of substitute teachers be explained? “Because it is difficult to find teachers, replied France Bleu Saint-Etienne Loire Emmanuelle Richard, teacher and co-secretary of SNES-FSU in Loire. Substitute teachers are teachers who are competitive and assigned to replacement areas. As long as, our teachers are so lacking that in fact the replacement zone holders, they are all already affected. There are even a few assigned to the year. ”
Settling the wage question, according to the unions
“We need to make this job more attractive”, summed up in mid-May in France Bleu Picardie Nathalie Prost, secretary of the Somme department of the SNPDEN, the union of directors of the establishment. This manager has already observed staff shortages: “What we’ve noticed since last year is that some hours remain uncertain. At my Authie high school in Doullens, I have five hours per week in Biotechnology which is not given ”.
But how to attract more candidates? For Sophie Vénétitay, secretary general of Snes-FSU, the event was “Essence is involved in the question of salary”. He remembers that today, “If a teacher started, he got 1.14 times in Smic. In the 80s, he got 2.2 times in Smic.”
If you have a baccalaureate + 5 in mathematics, you look at what is happening in National Education and you look at other opportunities, the choice is quickly made- Sophie Venetitay
“Must pool” of math teachers, assures ministry
At the Ministry of National Education, we strive for commitment. The decline in candidates was analyzed as a result of the reform of recruitment competitions. Previously open to students from Master 1, they have taken the place of Master 2 since this year.
“Since this is the year of implementation, we have candidates who became candidates last year for master 1. So they have competition and are not applying again this year. So, we have a specific and punctual absorbed next year. ” committed on May 15 to franceinfo Édouard Geffray, director general of school education (Dgesco).
Two days earlier, on May 13, Jean-Michel Blanquer had responded to concerns about mathematics, as the topic returned to the usual “optional” core for the First. “As for math teachers, we have the pool needed to ensure the hour and a half happens from the start of the next school year”, he declared, asked by BFMTV.
“Re-entry cell” was planned by the rectorates
“We see this for some competitions, not just for National Education, we have a vocation topic ”, the former minister agreed. He reminded “the start of wage increases” made by the government. “In two years, a beginner will earn 165 euros per month to reach the minimum salary of 2,000 euros”. A big project now facing new minister Pap Ndiaye. During a press briefing on June 14, he mentioned “the pursuit of revaluation of teachers.
Faced with the fear of scarcity, Pap Ndiaye shows that “All academies are activated and a back-to-school unit will be activated from August 22 in each rectorate”, to prepare for the start of the school year “in good condition”. Priority is given to elementarypromised the minister that there would be a reduction in the number of students per class: “The average number of students per class, which fell from 23 at the start of the 2017 school year to 21.8 at the start of the 2021 school year, will further decrease at the start of the next school year”, he detailed.