how end -of -year school -year exams work in Belgium, the UK and Germany

In France, 520,000 high school students took the Bac de Philosophie test on Wednesday June 15. Since its reform in 2019, the baccalaureate score is based on 40% on continuous assessment and 60% on final exams ( written and oral French, passed in the Première class, philosophy, special examinations and the grand oral, passed at the Terminale). End -of -year exams are also available in various forms in Belgium, the United Kingdom and Germany. Overview

>> Bac de philo 2022: “I barely revised”, “it went by the wayside” … Candidates explain why they didn’t bet on this test

In Belgium, year -end examinations have been disrupted due to a lack of teachers

Examinations are currently being held at the end of the year and the areas are hampered by a shortage of teachers. There were even events canceled in Wallonia and Flanders. The Belgian press reported cancellations on both sides of the language border. In the Belgian daily The Free we can example read the testimony of this Physics professor who has been absent several times this year due to health and has not been adequately replaced. He explained that his students in the 4th general option Science, the equivalent of the second, did not have enough lessons to evaluate during the final exam, which he canceled. But we’re not talking about the baccalaureate equivalent. In Belgium, students are screened in June at the end of almost every cycle. There were also not many cancellations of exams, the government defended itself, pointing to problems related to certain topics such as languages ​​or geography.

However, this situation reflects the shortage of teachers, which is a big problem, especially in Flanders. According to the federation of private schools, which represents 2,400 schools for nearly a million children and teenagers, some subjects have not been taught for the entire term this year due to a shortage of teachers.

In Belgium, the recruitment of retired teachers or students who have not yet graduated is allowed under certain conditions. Often explaining this phenomenon is the growth of the school population, which has increased by almost 5% over the past ten years.

In the United Kingdom, a test experiment 100% digital for patent

The young Englishman has continued since mid-May the path to the examination centers, after two years without a baccalaureate or patent, thus returning to the classic diploma. Two thousand five hundred college students will take a double exam this year. One hundred establishments were selected to participate in an experiment that could not replace the actual examination. So 2,500 lucky candidates have to pass a “fake” English, science and math test online, in addition to their “real” certificate. The test is administered by AQA, the organization that administers the patent and baccalaureate.

The test is presented as progressive. That is, the difficulty of the questions asked should match the answers already given by the candidate. in the end give him a grade that sticks as much as possible to his level. Even if the AQA director hopes to end the ultra solemn atmosphere of the patent, the baccalaureate, the 100% digital questionnaire will still be conducted in an establishment or an examination center. The experiment should last three years.

The examination regulator hopes to make such examinations routine from 2025 for a number of reasons. If the systems were deployed before the pandemic, there would be no need to cancel the examinations for two years in a row. Technology will make it possible to deal with the unexpected. It has this idea of ​​accuracy, as we said, adapting to the candidate level. Then there is the ecological argument. With between 12 million pages of paper printed, the delivery of copies, the packaging: more than 600 tons of CO2 and 30 tons of plastic can be saved each year. But even if the experiment proves conclusive, there is always a written scale at the end of the year exams. Organizers want to preserve the handwriting skills of middle and high school students.

In Germany, getting a baccalaureate is easier for some Landers

There is no system in Germany equivalent to national education. Education is the sole responsibility of Länder. As a result, from one Land to another, students are not the same when it comes to baccalaureate. In some regions like Bavaria it is difficult to get. Students consider themselves guilty of their admission to university. Depending on the region where they come from, not all students have the same opportunity to get a baccalaureate.

>> Parcoursup: how to organize university access in Germany and Italy

On average, 51% of Germans have a baccalaureate and can therefore study at university. But regional differences are high. In Hamburg, 55% of an age group have a baccalaureate, against only 32% in Bavaria. Of course, that doesn’t mean Bavarian students are worse off in school. But simply the system is more difficult, students are more severely marked there, and so they are less likely to get into a university, a path that remains elitist in the country. Keep in mind that in Germany, apprenticeship is more developed than in France, and that it often remains the royal way to enter the labor market.

Of course, there are criticisms of these inequalities. The consequences are especially severe. You should know that in Germany, only the baccalaureate mark will decide the chance of getting a place in the university for the most sought after subjects such as medicine, architecture, law, and so on. Not only are Bavarians less likely to pass the baccalaureate, but those who pass it often have lower grades than northern Germans. However, the demand for medicine is such that only students who obtain a baccalaureate with a score of 20 out of 20 have the opportunity to get a place in a medical school. It is not because one is from a supposedly difficult high school that one has a better chance in Germany of pursuing more prestigious studies.

Leave a Comment