Health, agriculture, education… How to disturb the heat in the country

Summer hasn’t started yet but mercury is already racing, this Tuesday, June 14. And temperatures are expected to rise further until the end of the week. This early rise in temperature has different consequences. Health and agriculture are particularly affected. Explanations.

Health under strain

The effects of the heat wave, not surprisingly, have an impact on our health. The human body is tested and suffers from these temperatures. Jérôme Marty, general practitioner and president of the UFML Syndicat, details for Western France : The problem is physical fatigue. You have to think of it as a machine that expends energy to control the temperature, and it will run out if it is too hot. It is necessary, especially in these times, hydrate, cool off, go to places where the temperature is low, to have hours of resthe remembers.

The Ministry of Health warns: the human body, when exposed to heat, activates thermoregulation mechanisms. Sweat, for example. It happens that they find themselves overweight. Different pathologies can then be seen: cramps, dizziness, nausea, headache, even heat stroke, which can be fatal.
This adds to the risks not directlyQuoted by the Ministry of Health: drowning risks increase when the French rush to the beaches and the water turns to search for innovation.

Finally, another consequence cited by the Ministry of Health: The increase in respiratory or cardiovascular diseases associated with air pollution, including ozone.

If hot, the ozone concentration level is higher. It adds more stress to the body, irritating the bronchi and the entire cardiovascular system.details for Western France Cathy Clerbaux, atmospheric physicist and director of research at the Atmospheres Laboratory.

And if these episodes increase, as predicted by specialists, they run the risk of having more marked effects on French health. Repetition of these events can add to this state of fatigue. Weak, older people who have little energy reserve and who lose the feeling of thirst with age will regulate their temperature less well. If you multiply these crises, it’s like you’re going down a ladder: slowly, you’re not good.worried Jérôme Marty.

Our Affected Organizations

In terms of public service, care staff working in hospitals and health establishments, already exhausted by the two-year health crisis, are likely to be especially in demand. The problem we have and that we haven’t had before is the lack of personnel, of caring hands., Says Jérôme Marty. The doctor remembers that during periods of heat waves or heat waves, he we need to adapt the establishments: we need to put more staff dedicated to the hydration of patients, more to monitor them, to ensure the opening and closing of windows, to bring patients to air-conditioned areas … There is all the work of patient monitoring mobilizing staff. But, for now, wala mi: We risk making caregivers more vulnerable.

In general, to prevent employees from being exposed to the harmful effects of mercury increases, employers should consider thermal environment according to the Labor Code, recalledAFP. A series of recommendations came out of it.

For example, about the outside workers who are more exposed, the employer need to arrange their workstation in such a way that they are protected from intense heat and provide a room that allows the reception of workers in conditions that preserve their safety and health. In the end, each worker must have access to at least three liters of water per day.

As for office workers, if the Labor Code does not indicate any temperature at which it is no longer possible to work, the National Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers (CNAMTS) recommends the evacuation of employees working in offices that above temperatures of around 34. ° C, the press agency said.

Read also : Faced with high temperatures and the risk of a heat wave, what is SNCF’s plan for your train trips?

Heat stroke on tray

Students are also at risk of heatstroke. In June 2019, the college certificate had to be postponed due to the heat. This month of June 2022, the heat wave hit during the baccalaureate. The written exams for the bac pro start today, the ones for the general baccalaureate and the technological baccalaureate start tomorrow.

If a postponement is not discussed at present in National Education, the institution has shared recommendations. Particular attention will be given to the health of students, especially the youngest, the most vulnerable and those who take the baccalaureate exams., according to the government. Supervisors need to be assured the smooth running of the tests, and especially to ensure that the examination rooms remain protected from heat ”.

Yield may decrease

Not surprisingly, the effects of this early period of heat are also unique to our soils and crops. Plants are no longer able to function in the same way that the soil was drained of water earlier.Said Marc Dufumier, agronomist and teacher-researcher.

Consequences: Crop yields, especially hay and grains, will decline. And maybe we should hurry. The results can also be economic, for breeders and farmers.

Also read: Hot waves: why these serious events are intensifying in France

Experts, and especially those at the IPCC, are categorical: these events will increase in the coming years and decades, and intensify. So, how do we cope? Marc Dufumier suggests two tracks: In France, and especially in regions such as the West, in order to have a stronger income, it is necessary to go through diversification within the farms, consider a longer rotation, different methods of planting, not depend on a crop or a field, or even to restore culture and reproduction. Other tracks: Also fill the soil with humus, which will better keep the water at the level of the roots, and which will allow the plants to breathe for a long time.

Health, agriculture, education… How to disturb the heat in the country

Leave a Comment