of the sources of inspiration of an education praised by Emmanuel Macron

And if the“school of the future” not only Marseille for “laboratory” ? By announcement, this Thursday, June 2, during a trip to the city of Marseille, who wanted to generalize throughout the territory the experiment of a “school of the future”, the Head of State, Emmanuel Macron, and his Minister of Education, Pap Ndiaye, put the spotlight on fifty or more schools in Marseille that are already involved in the adventure. And especially at the school in Menpenti, at 10e district, where the official delegation went to salute a mathematics -centered project.

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Allowing volunteer schools to make a difference by funding their projects (in the scientific environment but also in culture, environment or languages) is not, at this stage, the only point debated within the educational community, encourage risk critique of “tiebreaker” and one “multi-speed school”. The controversy also relates to the idea, promoted by the President of the Republic, to allow directors to select their team (or at least a portion) of positions. “with special requirements”, as Mr. Macron named them, this Thursday. A “profound model change”, are we afraid among teachers, beyond union circles, which we criticize “Liberal approaches inspired by the business world”.

“Rethinking allocation mechanisms”

However, the idea of ​​a “in-house recruitment” not entirely new. In private education under contract with the State, directors and principals have the right to manage the composition of their group, and additional autonomy in the development of their project. “The school of the future is really our model”reacted on Thursday, a headteacher at a Catholic high school in Marseille.

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But to the audience? The project has been in the drawers of Rue de Grenelle since the Sarkozy years. From the time he was the school’s director general of education with Minister Luc Chatel, Jean-Michel Blanquer also defended him for priority education. And although concrete, on a small scale: in 2011-2012, within the program framework of schools, colleges and high schools for ambition, innovation and success (Eclair), some 300 colleges and high school thus saw their head in the editing establishment “job descriptions”issuing opinions on applications, conducting job interviews … Positions found to take, many remain vacant.

This did not stop Mr. Blanquer from getting the idea in his programmatic book, The school of tomorrow (Odile Jacob), signed in 2016, a year before her appointment to the Ministry of Education. “We need to rethink the mechanisms of work and action that constitute one of the major obstacles to change in the education system”, argued then, in a chapter of “teacher career”, the one who is a director of Essec. A little more than he wrote: “As in the case of private education under contract, competition becomes an authorization to teach, recruitment is the responsibility of the heads of the establishments to publish calls for applications to meet the requirements. » This is in line with the idea of ​​“profile” positions offered annually for the recruitment of rectorates (in European classes, preparatory courses, etc.). Their number is there “slight increase” in ten years, wrote to the Court of Auditors in 2017, to judge“unused tool”.

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