A dog training collar is a solution chosen by some dog owners to use. But as this accessory has made followers, more and more canine educators and experts are warning about the dangers and futility of using it. In fact, the positive effects of the training collar should be qualified, because even if the animal stops having behavior that is less pleasing to his master, this aggressive tool is not without physical and psychological consequences. its health.
In this file, we invite you to discover the different models of dog training collars and how they work. We will also discuss the consequences of their animal use as well as other proven educational methods.
What is a dog training collar? How does it work?
Before going into the debate, it seems important for us to talk about the dog and to evoke some traits. If a pooch suddenly loses control when it sees other dogs walking or smelling a path, it is called reactive to the dog. The dog thus displays excitement, frustration or even fear at the sight of a stimulus.
To avoid this natural occurrence, some masters prefer to opt for a training collar. In fact, there are many types of training collars, also called electric collars.
These anti-bark collars are training collars that are intended to stop your dog’s repetitive barking. When the collar detects vibrations in the doggie’s vocal cords, it first emits a beep that serves as no more and no less than a warning.
If the dog still barks, the device will send him an electrostatic stimulation or a light electric shock to encourage the dog to be quiet.
Some models of collars send a jet of product to the dog, which is not good for him. Lemongrass is the most widely used product.
These collars are used to call to order a dog to cross a perimeter defined by his master and thus stray away from him. Equipped with a GPS, the anti-fugue collars also trigger a system of beeps, electrostatic stimulation or electric shock, or a jet of citronella to encourage the animal to return to its master.
What are the consequences of a dog training collar?
Many owners think that the training collar is a miracle solution, because their doggie stops barking when it is used. In fact, the animal is amazed at the beep it hears, at the electric shock it receives or at the jet of lemongrass that bites its face. As we will do in this case, he stopped his behavior and so he stopped beeping, to the delight of his master who thought he had found a solution to his troubles.
However, the effectiveness of these training collars must be kept in perspective. In some doggies, the effect quickly disappears and the animal will start again after a week or adopt other techniques, such as moaning, gritting his teeth or attacking if he sees a another dog, for example.
But the fact that your little companion stopped barking once and for all with a training collar is one thing. On the other hand, the effect of this anti-bark collar on his mental health should not be forgotten. Why? Because the message this process sends to him is not what you thought.
In fact, if, when your dog sees one of his congeners, he starts barking to invite him to play or to force himself on him in case of panic, he will receive a beep. , a jet of lemongrass or electrostatic stimulation, it stops calling. to the animal due to the shocking effect. But it’s not the idea that he’s “acting badly” by barking. The dog will associate the jet of citronella or the electric shock in the presence of another doggie.
As a result, your dog will be accompanied by the sight of another dog who has a bad or even bad feeling. On the one hand, your dog is punished for simply showing emotion. On the other hand, by narrating a congener’s vision of a form of aggression, he or she risks developing instead a more aggressive feeling of just looking at a dog.
A dissimilar message
Not only that. The training collar is not intended to be worn permanently by your dog. As a result, if you don’t, your dog will stay home without it being worn. If he sees another dog through the window, he can naturally start barking to show his surprise, fear or even his excitement. However, because he was not wearing a training collar, he could not hear a warning beep or receive an electric shock or a jet of citronella.
In this case, how does your dog understand that you want him to stop barking because he can do it for free every now and then, especially when you don’t? The risk that your pooch will accompany your presence in the pain or embarrassment felt by these warnings is real.
Not that there is no reason for that many dog experts say they are opposed to the use of training collars. In addition to disrespecting the welfare of the animal, they send contradictory and inconsistent messages that can lead to bad dog interactions and thus lead to behavioral disorders that are more serious than the likelihood of beep or move a little farther away. his master.
In addition, it seems important for us to alert dog owners to the risk of these devices if they are of poor quality. The risk of failure can cause physical damage (injuries, burns, etc.) to the animal, but also psychological (stress, anxiety, depression, etc.).
Positive education, a preferred approach
Instead of using the principle of punishment, as the training collar does, dog training specialists recommend positive dog training. This technique, which has been widely developed over many years, has clearly proven itself. It is based on the kindness, encouragement and motivation of the animal. By cheering, being rewarded, the dog is happy to satisfy his master and to produce good manners. So he will act under his freedom of choice and develop a healthier relationship with his master, based on trust.
In contrast, collar training, like any form of punitive education, uses coercion. The beast obeyed not out of will, but out of fear of punishment. He gradually lost confidence in his master, who was not a convincing model.
Here are some keys to help you with an “overly” reactive dog.
Understand him to know his reactions
If a dog is stressed, scared or excited, he shows warning signs. His feathers stand up, his ears stand up or lie down, his tail, his body tense… these signs should alert you and help you adopt the right behavior.
Avoid the problem
It is best to avoid confrontation with another dog. It’s best to turn around or distance yourself and walk around the animal to excite or scare your dog. Don’t think that your dog is used to it, his reaction is natural and natural.
Work with your pooch
If your dog has a tendency to go to others or run away from you, make the recall order. Many owners think that their animals take care of it, but it usually happens at home or in the garden. In most cases, the dog has not mastered this command to perfection, so he will not enforce it in any context other than within his home. Don’t hesitate to continue learning from the beginning.
In the meantime, be sure to put it on a leash when you go out to avoid these inconveniences.
Make sure your dog is healthy
Other behavioral problems may have a medical origin. Thyroid diseases actually exacerbate feelings of aggression, frustration and irritability in dogs. They are associated with more than 60% of abnormal dog behavior and they are not the only ones. Don’t hesitate to talk about it with your veterinarian!
Consult a dog trainer
Despite your goodwill and your efforts, the situation may not improve. In this case, we recommend that you call a dog trainer who works according to the principle of a positive approach. He or she can give you advice tailored to your dog and find out the reasons for this behavior.