who is the new Minister of National Education?


PAP NDIAYE. It was official and it was a surprise, historian Pap Ndiaye, replaced Jean-Michel Blanque at the Ministry of National Education. Who is the new tenant on rue de Grenelle?

[Mis à jour le 20 mai 2022 à 18h23] Historian Pap Ndiaye has replaced Jean-Michel Blanquer as head of the Ministry of National Education. The secretary general of the Elysée, Alexis Kohler, announced the news this Friday, May 20, 2022, creating a surprise. No rumor has seen the appointment of Pap Ndiaye as Minister of Education to come, all speculation is directed at politicians, especially the ministers already in office, including Gabriel Attal. Early indications about Jean-Michel Blanquer’s successor suggest that the Head of State is looking for a more political than technical profile, but Pap Ndiaye, a graduate of the École Normale Supérieure de Saint-Cloud and the École des Hautes studies in the social sciences. does not include any political experience in his CV, he is on the other hand a regular in the education system, he exercises as professor of Sciences Po Paris in addition to his role as director general of the palace of Porte Dorée and the museum on the History of Immigration.

The appointment of Pap Ndiaye as head of the Ministry of National Education is part of Emmanuel Macron’s desire to form a government that will represent a “change” in his policy, promising to breathe “new breath” and find “bag method “to meet. the expectations of the French according to comments made during the presidential campaign.

Who is Pap Ndiaye, the new Minister of National Education?

It was a name that came to mind and created a surprise when the new government was announced. Pap Ndiaye does not shine on the political scene, he is a man of knowledge, an academic par excellence and a history enthusiast. History is also his job, historian and associate professor, Pap Ndiaye teaches social history courses at Sciences Po Paris but he is also, since 2021, the general manager of the Palais de la Porte Dorée. and the Museum of the History of Immigration. His academic career was good, the man graduated from the École Normale Supérieure in Saint-Cloud and obtained a doctorate from the École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Ehess). In particular, he went to the United States for five years, from 1991 to 1996, to write a theme on the history of society and minorities, his two specialties.

Pap Ndiaye has always grown up in a cocoon where knowledge and learning are paramount, his father is an engineer in Senegal and his mother is a teacher of natural sciences in France. Born in Antony in 1965, in Hauts-de-Seine, he earned his baccalaureate at the Lycée Lakanal de Sceaux and immediately went to the preparatory literature class at the prestigious Parisian Lycée Henri IV.

If Pap Ndiaye’s name is not involved in the political world, the man remains honest, rather left, and is the author of many forums onObs and the world where he responds to societal behavior in the face of police violence or racial issues reported by Student of Figaro. Now at the head of the Ministry of National Education, Pap Ndiaye is more likely to explain himself largely about the education system reform planned by Emmanuel Macron, and the mission promises to be big. One of the first projects of the Minister of Education should be the reintroduction of mathematics to the common core of high school.

Functions, address … What is the role of the Minister of National Education?

The Minister of Education, in short form, is actually the head of National Education, Youth and Sports. He is the referent of all government policies regarding “youth in and out of school, everyone’s access to knowledge, to associative and sporting life and to the development of pre-elementary, elementary education. And secondary”, specifies the website in government. .

The school, from kindergarten to high school, remains the most important ministry project. It governs the rules, defines the training pathways, the content of the programs, but also the organization of the examinations which is the patent and the baccalaureate and so on. The Minister of Education is the big boss of the teachers whose training, recruitment and distribution he oversees throughout France, despite the sometimes tense relations between the teaching professionals and the minister, as confirmed- an in particular event order of Jean-Michel Blanquer.

Among the major projects awaiting the future Minister of National Education, there is an increase in the salaries of teachers, the recruitment of good candidates if their number related to available areas has decreased in recent times. , the college (doubling classes in the 6th grade., introduction of manual and practical education as well as digital education), raising the level of students in France, or even the reform of vocational high school.

Like all ministries, National Education also has a multi-billion dollar portfolio. Among the main spending items of the State, the ministry has one of the largest budgets: 55.2 billion euros for the year 2022. Significant resources are used to operate the education system and are managed from the Hôtel de Rochechouart, located in the area of ​​the Ministry of National Education at 110 rue de Grenelle in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.

Jean-Michel Blanquer was not re-assigned to National Education

By holding the role of Minister of National Education for five years, Jean-Michel Blanquer broke the record of long life in the ministry. Prior to him, Christian Fouchet spent four years at 110 rue de Grenelle, from 1962 to 1967. Unions frequently denounced “one -stop” political discussions. Too many events mark Jean-Michel Blanquer’s mandate and mean the minister will not return for a second National Education mandate: baccalaureate reform first introduces continuous examination assessment, but also the difficulties encountered. to adapt the school during the two years of the Covid-19 epidemic, the repeated but unsatisfactory changes in health protocols and finally this escape to Ibiza at a time when National Education was -through a crisis.

Faced with all this turmoil, Jean-Michel Blanquer’s technical profile isn’t enough to keep up. However, when he came to government, the minister was aware of the functions of National Education. He was Rector of two academies, the one in Guyana in 2004 and the one in Créteil in 2007, and he currently holds a first position in government: deputy director of the cabinet of the Minister of National Education, Higher Education and Research in 2006. In prior to his arrival at the head of the Ministry of National Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer was also Director General of School Education in 2009 then Director of the Graduate School of Economics and Commercial Sciences (Essec) from 2013 to 2017.

Who are the former Ministers of National Education?

Called the Ministry of National Education since June 3, 1932 under the leadership of Albert Lebrun, then under the Third Republic, this administration saw many ministers. However, during Emmanuel Macron’s first five-year term, Jean-Michel Blanquer remained in office for five years. A record of longevity. But who were his followers?

  • François Bayrou (May 18, 1995 – June 2, 1997)
  • Claude Allègre (June 4, 1997 – March 27, 2000)
  • Jack Lang (March 27, 2000 – May 6, 2002)
  • Luc Ferry (May 7, 2002 – March 30, 2004)
  • François Fillon (March 31, 2004 – May 31, 2005)
  • Gilles de Robien (June 2, 2005 – May 15, 2007)
  • Xavier Darcos (June 18, 2007 – June 23, 2009)
  • Luc Chatel (June 23, 2009 – May 10, 2012)
  • Vincent Peillon (May 16, 2012 – April 2, 2014)
  • Benoît Hamon (April 2, 2014 – August 25, 2014)
  • Najat Vallaud -Belkacem (August 26, 2014 – May 17, 2017)
  • Jean -Michel Blanquer (May 17, 2017 – May 20, 2022)

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