During the National Education rally on January 13, there were countless placards against Jean-Michel Blanquer. Several left -wing candidates, some marching with protesters in processions, called for the minister to step down. The opportunity for them to improve their educational side programs, is little discussed at present.
In September, Anne Hidalgo’s promise to double teachers ’salaries set the tone for the presidential campaign on education proposals, as the Grenelle education forum launched by Jean-Michel Blanquer concluded. This commitment is still valid.
“We will start the entrance fee for young school teachers, which will be increased by 2,300 euros. Afterwards, over a five-year term, we will examine the career duration index grid to adjust it to the level of pay of the teacher in Europe, twice as much as we are ”determines the socialist candidate.
The other candidates on the left were left out. Jean-Luc Mélenchon therefore promised to upgrade all teaching staff by 30%, in two parts: “15% will be immediately available to reach the index point, and 15% will be discussed with the unions”, said Paul Vannier, co-host of the education booklet for the event. The rebels also incited the sitting of the current AESH, which includes students with disabilities.
Yannick Jadot (EELV) for his part mentioned a 20% salary increase for teachers and more, the unfreeze of the index point for all civil servants, such as communist candidate Fabien Roussel suggesting an increase. “30% salary for three years” in public service.
Wages everywhere, pedagogy everywhere
The promises are far from new on the left, contextualized by sociologist Pierre Merle, author of Let’s talk to the school with 30 questions (French documentation, 2021):
“Teacher pay is a classic theme for these candidates. There are nearly 900,000 teachers in France, very much in their electorates more, so there are a lot of potential votes in ballot box. »
However, few candidates have come forward to announce the cost of such announcements. The sociologist regrets the promises “very ambitious which is sometimes not in line with the economic reality of the country”.
The declarations are even more meaningful in pedagogy terms: some concrete suggestions, but many promises in meetings to discuss this topic. Yannick Jadot announced the “assizes” and Anne Hidalgo “declared general” on the issue.
“This is a very sensitive topic for candidates, because in France, freedom of education is deeply rooted in our concept of the school system. So the interest is to discuss consultations with teachers, rather than presenting in orientations that are unlikely to be pleasant “said Pierre Merle.
If he doesn’t talk about pedagogy, Fabien Roussel develops a column published in The world its desire to increase class time, go back to 27 hours per week in first degree and gradually move to 32 hours in college and high school. In fact, the homework will be eliminated: “What is learned for school must be learned in school”said Léon Deffontaines, spokesperson for the candidate.
All against Parcoursup
From Jean-Luc Mélenchon to Anne Hidalgo, a word guard connects all the opponents on the left: down to Parcoursup! Everyone, in fact, wants to revive the orientation and assignment platform of higher education, which was built in 2018, a real “Black Box” for Yannick Jadot; “Algorithm that decides your life”, according to Anne Hidalgo; hope “vocation break” for Jean-Luc Melenchon. Fabien Roussel continues to arouse a “Koh Lanta in orientation, but no totem in resistance”.
Very good! What to do then: restore the old APB (post-baccalaureate admissions) system with hierarchical aspirations? Find another way of assignment? Once again, cover up candidates for proposing an alternative.
“Far from going into the technical aspect, they focus on the real concerns of the students and their families, perhaps due to a lack of knowledge of the system and its challenges”suggested by Pierre Merle.
Parcoursup? A “Koh Lanta in orientation, but no totem in resistance”, according to Fabien Roussel (PCF)
Some stress though at all, but without giving further details, the important role of orientation and suggests strengthening the means of dedicated public services, as we read in the programs of PS and France insoumise.
With other reforms undertaken by the current government, the candidates are more divided. Jean-Luc Mélenchon sought to practice the fire-fighting policy, not only by completely eliminating the high school reform led by Jean-Michel Blanquer, but also by returning to the college reform led by Najat Vallaud-Belkacem. in 2015, to get back a lot. more homogeneous secondary education.
It is necessary “Stop continuing baccalaureate control and patent to guarantee uniformity and anonymity of candidates”introduces its program.
” [Aujourd’hui] a college can already determine how to teach it, a high school defines its specialties. I want the same knowledge to be taught anywhere under the same conditions to the children of France ”insisted the rebel candidate in an interview with The Obs October 13.
Some candidates are pushing for a more modest fix in high school and baccalaureate reforms. If Anne Hidalgo did not comment on the question, Yannick Trigance, national secretary for education and higher education at PS, referred to a debate organized in early January at Salon Postbac “a rebalancing of the final tests without deleting the ongoing assessment”.
A speech similar to EELV: “We are committed to the national examination and have continuous monitoring”, explained François Thiollet, project manager for Yannick Jadot. If he refuses “a return to the series”the ecologist determines that a consultation will be held with the entire educational community (teachers, students, parents, etc.) on “build with them” in this upcoming high school.
The Communist Party is the only one who speaks frankly about returning to the old playoff formula, at least “Una”said Léon Deffontaines. “Then let’s talk about actors. But our main idea is to have a common core for all high school students, whether they are in general, technology or professional streams. »
Incantations of inequality
In his program, Jean-Luc Mélenchon describes several steps related to vocational education. In addition to increasing the number of areas in such sectors and creating maritime establishments in coastal departments, the rebellious candidate plans to strengthen the overall teaching of these courses.
“This sector is forgotten when it represents 30% of high school students. Above all, it has gone through a liberal reform and utilitarian view of education.Paul Vannier was sad. Under Jean-Michel Blanquer, these young people lost ten weeks of lessons, in first place in overall lessons. »
Like Fabien Roussel, the rebellious France candidate has vowed to restore the professional baccalaureate in four years, against three so far.
“The question of vocational education is often neglected by candidates, as sectors are given priority in favor of high school as a whole.promotes Pierre Merle. However, it is not surprising that these two candidates, claiming to be from the working classes, took up the subject. Students in these establishments are mostly from these social categories. »
And, since none also have their own battlefields, all candidates have proven that they want to fight against educational inequalities, for example by guaranteeing a “Individual support” to fight against Anne Hidalgo’s dropping out of school.
The PS candidate and rebel France also seek to strengthen the mix by announcing, if there is a victory, a new school map. Here again, the candidates are not struggling, for now, to exceed the period of good intentions.