Education: low number of candidates qualifying for teacher competitions concerned

the necessity
The school year is not over yet, but the start of the new school year is almost here in September, and with it, a series of worries. As the number of candidates qualifying for teacher and elementary school teacher competitions is declining, education stakeholders are wondering what the situation will be like by the end of the summer.

“Are you looking for a job? A job that makes sense? Versailles Academy is recruiting for the start of the school year in September.” In a video posted on social media this week, Rector Charline Avenel made an urgent appeal. Its goal: to recruit and more than 2,000 contract workers by September thanks to four days of meetings and interviews by the end of May.

A new recruitment method? Or the signal of difficulties in attracting new teachers? Over the years, the number of candidates for elementary or teacher competitions has dwindled. And this year 2022 seems to be no exception. On the contrary, according to Elise Capéran, national secretary of the Unsa teachers ’union, there is a“ very large deficit ”.

While currently the Ministry of Education says it wants to wait for the final numbers once the oral exam is over, some data describes the situation described by many players as “unpublished” and “ critical “. For the Capes of mathematics for example, the number of qualified candidates this year is 817, against 1076 in 2021, according to the first figures agreed on rue de Grenelle to be disclosed.

“Everything will be enforced”

Asked by The Midi Dispatch, ministerial services ensures that “everything will be done so that each class has a teacher at the beginning of the school year in September”. “We are aware of the difficulties that exist in some disciplines, such as mathematics, or in some academies, but we anticipate it and we have a sufficient group of people to enable us to meet the needs”, confirmed by one.

But on the unions side, we remain skeptical and above all worried. “It is possible that a large recruitment of contract workers could stop the problem temporarily, but certainly not in the long term”, supports Elise Capéran. Françoise Lambert, national secretary of Sgen-CFDT, thinks we need to ask ourselves the right questions: “If we put in a lot of contractual workers, what do we put in finance and education to make it work? “

The questions have their place in colleges and high schools, such as primary, where, according to Ghislaine David, co-secretary general and spokesperson of SNUIPP-FSU, “we are heading for disaster”. Here again, “there are very few candidates in terms of positions and needs”, he laments. According to union figures, the number of qualified candidates per position fell from 1.07 in 2021 for Versailles Academy to 0.34 this year.


For faculty representatives, this decline in qualified candidates is also a reflection of a tainted image of the profession. “These two years at Covid-19 have promoted the idea that education professions don’t want to”, recalls Alexis Torchet, national secretary of Sgen-CFDT. Winning Smic 1.1 times is unattractive for students who already need to advance to Master 2 to pass the competition and thus open up other professional opportunities.

Hence the importance of the salary increase demanded by the representatives of the profession. But on this subject, in the ministry, we prefer not to comment until Jean-Michel Blanquer’s successor has been named. The unions currently believe that the promises made by Emmanuel Macron must first be “defined and stopped once and for all”, according to Elise Capéran. And to warn: “If the revaluation is than conditioned by a greater workload, it will not work.”

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