Born government: with Pap Ndiaye in National Education, a radical change of profile

Teacher unions have called for a change of approach and to rest with Jean-Michel Blanquer, they have already achieved a radical change in profile. Emmanuel Macron has chosen Pap Ndiaye to lead the “major project” in education. The historian who to date has managed the national museum of immigration history has inherited the National Education and Youth portfolio.

At age 56, a history graduate, this former student at the Ecole Normale Supérieure holds a doctorate from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS). He teaches EHESS and Sciences Po. He called in 2012 to vote for candidate François Hollande. In an interview with “Le Monde” in 2009, he explained that he was “a product of the French republican school and of American affirmative action”, this form of positive discrimination that in France is called equal opportunity. And that Emmanuel Macron has made a pillar of his education policy with doubling small classes in priority education.

Negotiate the “covenant”

Among the new minister’s major projects is the revaluation of the teaching profession, while the recruitment crisis has generated fears about a shortage of teachers at the start of the next school year. Discussions will open with the unions to implement the “pact” proposed by the teachers during the presidential campaign.

Emmanuel Macron has promised that there will be, at the end of the five-year term, 6 billion euros annually set aside for these changes. After instructing the teachers on how to “work harder to get more”, he made the gap between the stages to upgrade them all “by about 10%”, “unconditionally”. “There are no more career starts under 2,000 euros per month,” he announced.

Those who agree to train outside of school hours, replace unaccompanied colleagues or help with homework can be paid more, up to 20% more. Teachers may deny this right of choice. But from the start of the 2023 school year, the new regime will be available to everyone who enters the race.

The purpose of 30% acceptance

How many will accept the agreement? “If we want to transfer the institution, we have to exceed 30%”, a close friend of Emmanuel Macron confessed before he was re-elected. The task of the future minister is not easy, because if teachers, for example, have to replace more of their left colleagues, as suggested by the Court of Auditors, it means annually a certain number. at times, a red rag for unions – the working hours of secondary teachers are set each week.

For school teachers, who already have a total of 108 hours per year, the future agreement may be related to their promotion, additional training hours or homework assistance. “We don’t ask teachers for 60 hours of work”, said a close friend of Emmanuel Macron during the campaign.

The re-elected president wants to make elementary school the center of his education priority. Basic knowledge is “the core mission and it needs to be integrated”, as Emmanuel Macron said. But he wants a “decompartmentalized” school, open to the outside – families, associations, towns that take care of extracurricular activities, and so on. “Republican production doesn’t start at 9 a.m. and stop at 5 p.m., four or five days a week”, justified Emmanuel Macron, who has in mind the experiment conducted in Marseille. “There is war,” he insisted in early March.

Extracurricular comes to college

“Decompartmentalization” will also invite the college to have two hours of extra play per week for all college students. They will be provided by teachers, in collaboration with local authorities, during lunch or on Wednesday afternoons. This is the introduction of college extracurriculars.

The midday at Avenir, dedicated to orientation and intended to bring the company’s school closer to helping middle school students find businesses from the 5th grade, is another project where students heads of establishments are called upon to exercise their autonomy. Technology education will be examined.

“We have to find money for all these extra tasks”, slip the college principals. Most favor the autonomy of the establishments – the denial of national priorities in the necessary way -, but not the heads of the establishments. “We are not looking to have more power, to recruit teachers, to punish them or to distribute as much money as possible on merit, confirmed this week Bruno Bobkiewicz, head of the main union at leaders of the establishments, the SNPDEN .. These are concepts that don’t interest us, they don’t match our values.So autonomy could be another big project for the next minister, as Jean-Michel Blanquer says already that he “shared the recommendations” of the Court of Auditors recommending the submission of the head of the establishment to the evaluation of second-degree teachers.

“Let the dough rest”

In high school, the return of math was announced for everyone. However, in the absence of an official text, the second students do not yet know whether they will return to the usual core from the beginning of the school year or not.

Another sensitive site should be open for professional path. The Head of State wants to organize the sectors that will lead to employment and so on, considering that there are “too many young people coming out with a diploma but no job” and that “we are allowed to survive many sectors where there are almost no outlets ”.

“A reform has just been put in place. Before things can change again, we need to first analyze the results,” said Laurence Colin, headmaster (SNPDEN) at a vocational high school in Arcachon.

We want the new minister to “violate Jean-Michel Blanquer’s approach of being unanimously criticized,” said Sophie Vénétitay, secretary-general of SNES-FSU, who lamented the lack of consultation, contempt, refusal to hear the controversy ” . Bruno Bobkiewicz also expects “listening and that we are calm a bit in the course of reforms, a lot has started, we have to let the dough”.

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