Five years of reforms and some hiccups… The results of Jean-Michel Blanquer of the Ministry of National Education

It’s kind of a paradox: Jean-Michel Blanquer broke the record for longevity in the position of Minister of National Education, while alienating a good portion of teachers, to a level rarely equivalent to his predecessors. The school environment will remember his passing and his many reforms. Even more so, regret the unions.

The school, construction site number 1

One of the priorities of this ministry is the primary school, which will have, in particular, the doubling of CP and CE1 classes, in priority education, launched in 2017, then major sections of kindergarten from 2019. For at a later level, it should be completed as early as the start of the 2023 school year, the ministry said. But the results are mixed, according to a Senate report published in February 2022: this sharp decline in the number of students has not allowed a straightforward reversal of the academic difficulties encountered by these students. student.

>> Jean-Michel Blanquer, the dear macronie who has become a dunce cap in government

The first major union also pointed to the shortage of staff needed to make this sharp reduction in the number of students per class. If 3,800 positions were made in the first degree, it wasn’t enough, SNUipp lamented: positions useful for copying were taken elsewhere, he criticized, with the notable occurrence of “robbed Peter to pay Paul“. Jean-Michel Blanquer also placed the national evaluations of CP, CE1, sixth and second, fighting unions. Of teachers, accompanied by strict equality between teachers.

High school was turned upside down

We are also reminded of the change in the overall high school, with the disappearance of the S, ES and L sectors, in favor of specialists, who must be selected by each student (three at the first, two at the end), at the risk of see The timetables have become a headache, as some trees. A reform that … has changed since Emmanuel Macron made adding math to the common core from the start of the 2022 school year, in the first grade. Discipline has not been a part of it since 2019 and the number of hours this material has been melted down, at 18%. Four out of ten students last year were no longer working, according to figures from the Ministry of Education’s statistical services.

The bac, too, has improved a lot: with fewer final tests to pass, more ongoing testing, which now costs 40% in the final grade. Finally, the vocational route changed. Thus, second -year students do not immediately specialize in one trade, but in a family of trades. The “masterpiece”, a multidisciplinary achievement, is also set.

A deteriorating work climate

What Jean-Michel Blanquer has not changed is the anger of some teachers. They regret that their profession and the school in general have always been chosen. According to a survey conducted by SNUipp in March 2022 among 25,000 elementary school teachers, nearly three-quarters (73%) of teachers surveyed said they were not satisfied with their current professional status.

They also expressed a very strong dissatisfaction with the Ministry of National Education (95%, including 72% who were never satisfied). Some say they feel despised, pushed, not listened enough. If Jean-Michel Blanquer started, through Grenelle de l’éducation, an increase in the salaries of teachers, starting with those starting their careers, the road is still long, hammer the unions, focusing on this topic as the priority.priority for this new five-year term. Snes-FSU recalls that a teacher can start by earning only 10% above the minimum wage, for bac +5 recruitment.

A health crisis and the murder of Samuel Paty

It’s impossible to get Jean-Michel Blanquer’s stock by forgetting Covid’s time and incarceration, with the unusual closure of schools, in the spring of 2020, for seven weeks for all, five more depending on level. Teachers and parents of students will also remember for a long time health protocols with multiple versions, changes, changes.

These changes, sometimes at the last minute, also fueled anger vis-à-vis the minister, who was blamed by others for being disconnected from the field.

And then the other event independent of the reforms was the assassination of Samuel Paty, this history and geography teacher who was beheaded in October 2020. The tragedy traumatized the world of education and led to increased vigilance in respect. on the principles of secularism in schools.

From Grenelle… to Ibiza

But what we also remember from Jean-Michel Blanquer is his sometimes dangerous communication, summed up by his detractors in one destination: Ibiza, a Spanish seaside resort where the minister conducted an interview with Parisian to explain another Covid protocol, on Sunday January 2, 2022 in the evening, the day before the school year begins. What is upsetting, once again, are the teachers. The unions also blamed a new communication through the media, ahead of the official National Education channels.

But the discovery of the place where the interview took place added fuel to the fire, some seeing the difference between the minister’s life and the hardships of the land, in the schools. In fact it was the whole episode of Covid that gradually tarnished Jean-Michel Blanquer’s image. First loyal to the president, strong man in government, he gradually became a bad student, seemingly outside decision-making circles and chaining estimates, despite false announcements, reframed the Elysée or Matignon. Perhaps the most obvious example is this statement, by franceinfo, on March 12, 2020, amid the Covid-19 pandemic: “We have never considered the total closure of schools because it seems counterproductive to us.

A few hours later, Emmanuel Macron effectively announced the closure of the schools. Following, a few weeks later, the hiccups of the presentation, very fast, what used to be tracks of the reopening of schools … or even the confusion of the minister, according to several interviews in the past. March 2021, between the virus-positive rate (the number of people infected relative to the number of tests performed) and the incidence rate (making it possible to determine the circulation of Covid-19 relative to the entire population) .

In general, some scientists have criticized Jean-Michel Blanquer for reducing the Covid epidemic in schools. He was often criticized by teachers for reserving his press announcements in the first instance, as well as being too numerous, too fast and announcing last-minute protocol changes.

Returning to school in January 2022 will be very difficult for the minister, with three protocol changes in a week. At the point of the fall: the strike on January 13, was closely followed by teachers. From there, Jean Castex took control of the health file. In February, a government official called him “weight for the government, which has made mistakes“Since the winter, Minister Blanquer has become smarter. He is now offering himself his candidacy for legislative elections, in the Loiret, in the 4th district, in Montargis.

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