Separation anxiety is a common occurrence in dogs. This is usually due to over-attention of the newly adopted puppy. In fact, to think positively, his master would probably want to reassure this little dog who had just separated from his mother. However, the latter begins to establish the natural occurrence of the detachment, where the master must continue to prevent his animal from developing a hyper-attachment to him, prompting him to view his master as who is his sole referent and may rely on him. to the point that there is no longer support that he is not permanently in his field of vision.
Separation anxiety causes anxiety and increasing stress in dogs which frightens them at every loss and encourages them to compensate for their suffering with “mistakes” and abnormal behavior. However, once this phenomenon is established, the animal is taken into a spiral of terrible suffering that can push it to develop serious behavioral problems. Let’s look at this case.
The anxiety of separation of dogs: what is it? What are the reasons?
Separation anxiety, is also known to leaving neurosis o sa detachment disorder, quite common in puppies and dogs. The consequences of this disease can be significant and even more difficult to bear for the animal and its owner, but also for their neighborhood.
Puppy and natural detachment requirements
Separation anxiety can have many explanations. To understand the reasons why this phenomenon may develop, it is necessary to look at the needs of the dog, and especially the puppy, from birth.
In fact, the little pup is completely dependent on his mother in the first few weeks of life. This natural bond comforts him, reassures him and allows him to grow and develop peacefully with a loving creature who teaches him to be a dog. This connection is then naturally transferred to his master who, once the little child is separated from his mother, raises it and takes the place of the referent.
But this connection has gradually changed. The female dog taught each of her young children to gradually separate from her, not to get her, but so that they could learn to be autonomous and independent, to live and survive without her. In doing so, once they are able to meet some of their basic needs on their own, he will respond low and little to their requests, he will reject them gradually and he will choose to sleep away. . This natural process will allow the puppy to learn to separate and be ready to live his life as an adult dog.
Consequently, if he joins his master’s house, it is only normal for him to postpone his connection with his mother to this new referent. It is also natural for the master to take care of his new little companion. On the other hand, don’t overdo it and accept all the whims of the animalanswer all his requests immediately or hug him all the time.
Why? Just because this excessive care does not allow the puppy to separate himself from his master. This one treats it as if it were an abandoned child, but the pup is already accustomed to its mother’s natural detachment and is ready to continue this healthy process intended to bring it to autonomy. . By making it a new born again, in a way, it doesn’t improve. He attached himself to his master and the latter became his one and only reference, pushing him. creating an overdeveloped dependency.
As a result, the dog can only see through his master. It was his only sign, his light. When she is away, she is lost and she develops separation anxiety, a kind of anxiety that leads to behavioral problems with devastating consequences. The desperate animal can be overly anxious, constantly barking and/or ruining the interior of the house.
Hyperattachment and the attitude of the master
Of course, we don’t invite dog owners to stop caring for their little companion. No, it’s just a question, as the mother did, to encourage the animal to learn to be independent and to help it continue this learning that has already begun.
Many employers also want to favor the connection event by making some ethical mistakes. Many are accustomed to making every departure and every return an event. When they left, they reassured their dog by explaining to him that they had to leave, but that they would return immediately. However, this is a mistake, because this behavior does not reassure the animal, but on the contrary it worries it. Then he realized something was wrong, that the fact that his master wasn’t there was not normal because he had to be reassured. As a result, any action involved in leaving causes her anxiety (shoes, clothes, keys, etc.). The dog was stressed to see that his master had abandoned him.
In return, the owner is always delighted and flattered that his animal made him party. Feeling guilty for leaving him alone for a few hours, she responded to his requests and immediately took the time to reassure him. Once again, this only reinforces the idea that loss is abnormal and causes anxiety.
Also, if the dog, lost alone, does something foolish, his master is likely to scold him. Big mistake! Any folly that is not caught in the act should not be punished or resented. The dog was unable to account for his owner’s anger at his behavior an hour or two ago. On the contrary, criticizing him would add to his anxiety. In this case, it is better to stay calm, ignore him and kindly send him to bed to clean up his madness, but especially not in front of him, because he will take it for a game!
It should also be noted that some breeds of dogs, such as Jack Russel, develop a strong trust in their master. So it needs attention to not allow bad habits. In addition, puppies that are separated too early from their mother and those abandoned are more likely to suffer from this disease.
How to show separation anxiety in dogs?
It will be interesting to see how this phenomenon manifests itself in the dog. If you’re not sure if your little friend is suffering from it, these signs can shed light on you.
How to show anxiety about the separation of dogs in the presence of their master?
The animal suffering from separation anxiety adopts a characteristic behavior in the presence of its master. Hypersticky, she follows him constantly and always seeks his attention. She was waiting in front of the toilet or bathroom door, moaning. At night, he would sleep with her or he would lie outside her door and cry.
When walking, he would stay close to his master and never move away so as not to lose his sight.
How to show anxiety about the separation of dogs without the owner?
In the absence of its owners, the dog suffering from separation anxiety may exhibit the following behaviors:
- he beeps or groans;
- he destroyed things, furniture, wallpaper;
- he rested himself in the abode;
- he searched the trash cans;
- he can refuse food;
- he forcibly stroked his eyebrows or pulled his hair to this level.
What to do if your dog is suffering from separation anxiety?
Your dog suffers from separation anxiety. To solve this, you need to gradually help him to separate himself from you, but you need to not introduce new habits suddenly, because he will be confused and it may favor starting worse. ethical problems.
Here are ideas you can put in place to help your dog and teach him to be alone:
- Lack of physical activity favors the event. It’s important to allow your pet to walk with you for at least 30 minutes each day, and plan two to three longer walks per week. Thus he is able to work hard and run to evacuate his outflow of energy.
- If you don’t, offer uplifting toys to your dog to relieve boredom. Choose toys that will stimulate his mind and his body to occupy him and differentiate them regularly.
- If you leave and come back, don’t make that happen. Do not treat your pooch for 10 to 15 minutes before and after so that your departure and return can be mundane moments.
- Don’t hesitate to play the wrong start. We say your pooch is worried that you will be seen getting ready before leaving. To help her no longer feel this tight pressure, touch your keys, tie your shoes or put on your coat, then keep it from coming out. Your animal will thus understand that these elements do not have to be involved in your absence.
- If you come back, don’t punish your pooch for his stupidity. He did not seek to challenge you, but he showed his grief and suffering and so he asked for your help.
- Avoid putting your dog to sleep with you. He had better spend his nights in another room.
- You have to be the source of the hugs. So don’t always respond to your little partner’s requests. Initiate contact. In the same way, if he follows you anywhere, send him to his basket every now and then.
- Don’t hesitate to ask your veterinarian for advice and to accompany a dog behaviorist. It is also possible to set up therapy and drug treatments to help the dog no longer suffer from this severe and debilitating anxiety.
Unfortunately, separation anxiety is one of the leading reasons for leaving. Some owners have even opted for euthanasia to no longer suffer from this behavior in their dog. Without understanding that they are, for the most part, of origin.