What will be the main projects of the Minister of National Education?

Additional resources for schools, colleges, high schools and teachers. Education was announced as one of the most important projects in this new five-year term. In addition, Emmanuel Macron has pledged 12 billion euros annually by 2027 for education and youth, including 6 billion for salary increases. Especially since there are so many educational emergencies. 20 minutes examines the priorities awaiting the future government.

Restore trust between the Minister of Education and teachers

The end of Macron 1’s five-year term ended on a negative note about the teachers ’relationship with their minister, Jean-Michel Blanquer. The highly-attended strike on January 13 seemed a kind of rejection for him, according to Sophie Vénétitay, general secretary of Snes-FSU, the first union in secondary education: “We have reached a historic break point. He was criticized for his vertical approach, his statements were discovered in the press, the fact that he did not support the contradiction. “An opinion shared by Guillaume Prévost, general delegate of VersLeHaut, a think tank dedicated to youth and education:“ Teachers were pretty much burned out last year. Jean-Michel Blanquer directed the circular blows, with no worries about enforcing his decisions on the ground. »

To mark a new era, Emmanuel Macron promised “a new approach”. In terms of education, “Goals are set nationally, but we will ignore locally the ways and means to achieve them”, he stated during the debate between the two rounds of Marine Le Pen. It remains to be seen who he will appoint rue de Grenelle: “Given the sensitive context, he will undoubtedly choose an open personality and be concerned about the mediating bodies. Especially since the executive has it all. feared from the third social stage, ”said Guillaume Prévost.

Increase the teacher’s salary

Elementary and secondary teachers earn 7% below the average in OECD countries, and 20% less after ten or fifteen years of service, according to the annual report. Educational perspectives published in September 2021. Emmanuel Macron promised that the index point, used to calculate the salary of civilian servants, would be revalued “before the summer”. He also announced a “substantial increase” in teachers ’salaries.s, which may be related to accepting new assignments (substitution, homework assistance, individual monitoring of students, etc.). In addition, he said he wanted to increase the salary so that “there are no more career starts under 2,000 euros” per month. An emergency, according to Sophie Vénétitay: “The drop in teachers’ salaries is real, as is the poverty of the youngest among them. But we are not in favor of “work more to earn more”. We just need to value the work of teaching and not increase the number of overtime hours worked or their amount. »

Enthusiastic discussions are to be expected, Guillaume Prévost expects: “The topic of teacher service obligations is explosive. So a big round of negotiations is expected. On the other hand, a 10% increase in the first level should be more quickly decided, ”he believed.

Resolving the recruitment crisis

This is the hot potato passed by all the Ministers of Education, for which no solution has ever been found. But the situation is serious. By 2021, 238 positions remain vacant in secondary education, mainly in mathematics, classics and German. At the same time, resignations rose: 937 in elementary in 2021, 617 in middle school and high school. “Some classes, especially in college, don’t have teachers in certain disciplines,” Sophie Vénétitay said. To rectify the situation, it is obviously necessary to increase wages, but also to improve working conditions: “By reducing the class size and allowing trainee teachers to make a gradual entering the profession ”, suggests the unionist. “We also need to put in place ten -year contracts to allow people from the private sector to go and teach at some point in their careers,” Guillaume Prévost suggested.

Restore math to the common core of high school

Since high school reform, mathematics has disappeared from the common core in the 1st and final years, and the discipline is taught only as a specialty. It penalizes the training of students and limits their choice of higher education orientation. Emmanuel Macron promised to restore discipline, first in 1st class. “We’re going to 1h30 in math, to be added to science education at 1re. It’s a little patch,” judge Sophie Vénétitay.

Unions are particularly surprised about the possibility of the move, as preparations for the start of the school year are over. Another uncertainty: are there enough math teachers to give lessons, if they have a disability?

College reform

This could be a bad relationship with education under Macron 1. Not only did it not benefit from any reform, but it lost resources: “There was a surge in the college population at the start of the five-year period. time as the number of positions decreased. We have no ways to work in small groups “, said Sophie Vénétitay. Knowing that the 6th grade class is important, Emmanuel Macron announced in the debate his wish that it be doubled, perhaps with REP + at first.

He also promised an orientation reform. From the 5th to the 3rd, half a day each week should be devoted to “manual and practical instruction”, “digital instruction” and the discovery of trades. “It’s a way to upgrade the professional sector to the top, by providing more area of ​​practical expertise,” said Guillaume Prévost.

Vocational high school reform

Emmanuel Macron has announced his desire to increase internship periods with companies by 50% and pay high school students for their time with companies. “Because he wants vocational high school to be inspired by the success of apprenticeship training. But increasing company time requires a reduction in the number of hours in general education, which teachers ’unions do not want,” Guillaume Prévost explained. So, here too, enthusiastic discussions are expected.

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