Louis Musso, a former teacher and sophrologist from Toulouse, made an alarmist report on the state of the school, in his latest book, “Can we still save the school?”. For him, the authority of the institution and of the teachers is weakened. In particular, it questions an overly lax interpretation of secularism.
Your latest book is titled “Can we still save the school? A deliberately challenging title?
Yes and no. After an entire teaching career, then by welcoming students who were struggling in my sophrology practice, I saw two things: the authority of teachers was no longer respected, and teachers no longer knew, or little is known, supporting their students. . This observation has never changed over the years, and so I wonder if we can save the school. But with all that, I still have faith in teaching. I always tell my students, even the most difficult ones: “I believe in you, and I will do everything to help you”.
“Students need a framework, an authority. They don’t want it to be chaotic.”
Has the authority framework been lost in the school?
Students need a framework, an authority. They don’t like to mess up, sorry expression. They want a strong teacher, who will not hesitate to punish them for bad behavior. Even the most “troubled”! And the hierarchy of teachers should support them in this continuation of the framework. It is primordial. Results are better in a school, a college, a high school, where structure is respected. Not to be compromised.
However, a more lax interpretation of secularism in particular introduces some concessions, which have detrimental effects in your opinion …
Perfectly. The law of July 3, 1905 on the separation between Church and State was a long battle. Aristide Briand condemned many bishops and many priests, who called for disobedience to the 1905 law! The Church is free, like any association, on the condition that it respects the law. Other religions, too. I agree with Elisabeth Badinter when she states that there are no two views of secularism. There is only one, which was established by law in 1905. We invented “open” or “positive” secularism, which is no longer secularism.
“Secularism has been vilified by some students or parents, but the central administration is afraid to intervene. It is the reign of” no wave “
According to you, secularism is corrupted within the school.
Badinter says this, secularism is not, and will never be, State neutrality. Then it disappears as an instrument of control and social cohesion. Today, the state creates conditions for admission, where everyone is equal, everyone is equal, everyone is equal. He broke up, he committed suicide in a way. Not surprisingly, teachers have difficulty with the content of their courses in natural science, in physical education, in history. Secularism was criticized by some students or parents, but the central administration was afraid to intervene. This is the reign of “no wave”. Any religion must be respected, but any religion must respect the rules of the secular Republic.
How do you, as a teacher, make yourself respected by your students?
First, the magic formula: “I’m here to help you”. And “if you want to be put to work, most of you can succeed”. Appreciate them. Love them, listen to them. Greet them every day, one by one, one by one, get to know them as individuals. They are often put back in a negative image of themselves, told they are useless. But most of all, put the frame. Calm down. Those who cause trouble, they will be punished. Punto. That’s how I achieved 85% of the baccalaureate, a class everyone thinks is lost, at the professional high school in Tournefeuille. I was also introduced to relaxation techniques and sophrology. And it will work.
“Differentiation in colleges? A very good thing. A bold decision by President Méric”
How do you judge the “Mixité dans les collèges” operation launched by the council of the department of Haute-Garonne?
This is a very good thing. Children who are in difficulty need to be removed from their environment, which is often not good for learning. It was a courageous decision made by Georges Méric. He “broke” the codes, and that was good. Parents are not happy at first, this is normal. But the result is there, the kids are thriving, because they are already in establishments where the structure is better established and more respected. The diversity of the students is a good thing. This example should be used anywhere in France.