The dog pays different attention to the human than its companions

A new scientific publication promotes the specific treatment of human manifestations in dogs.

We all know from experience that our dogs listen to us, and understand us to some extent. However, the question that bothers us all is, how well they understand usand more poetically, what are they human beings?

Your dog is trying to understand you – Credits: Unsplash

Anna Bálint, a neuroscientist at Eötvös Loránd University, examines these questions from different angles. the The angles of approach of course depend on the observation tools which is now in our will.

The choice of electroencephalogram

To try to figure out what was going on in our heads, one of the most informative tools is fMRI. Research already done on dogs using this technology has highlighted specific parts of the brain that are activated after stimuli. But they did not make it possible to know when neurons were activated, and above all, they did not make it possible to observe differences in the way in which batches of neurons were activated according to stimulus class. In this case, human or canine origin.

Anna Bálint then chose the electroencephalogram or EEC. This end makes it possible to observe in real time (and accurately) the electrical waves produced by the brain according to a stimulus. The process was used on 17 pet dogs. But the task is not as simple for one person.

The technical difficulties inherent in observing dogs

First, dogs need to learn stay in an unfamiliar environment for an ideal duration of 7 minutes. If the scope of their understanding remains unknown, it may seem pointless to explain to them why and how their condition is.

Download Talking Ben the Dog 4.0.0.98

The non -invasive experimental installation set up by Anna Bálint’s team - Credits: Anna Bálint, Huba Eleőd, Lilla Magyari, Anna Kis and Márta Gácsi
The non -invasive experimental installation set up by Anna Bálint’s team – Credits: Anna Bálint, Huba Eleőd, Lilla Magyari, Anna Kis and Márta Gácsi

The second difficulty is the cranial box of our smoke friends. He was full of muscle which hinders the clarity of the measurements obtained. Make the task more complicated.

After these difficulties, the team of researchers created brave doggies in families who listened to recordings of human and dog voices. They include all kinds of demonstrations, all non-verbal, barked or not.

Study results

The absence of a significant difference in brain reaction below the threshold of 250 milliseconds, a threshold recognized by humans in relation to sound quality differentiations such as pitch, suggests. lack of diversity of sources.

Read also> Covid-19: dogs detect coronavirus in less than a second

However, and it is this that most attracts our attention, The recorded brain waves are displayed differently between 250 and 650 milliseconds. This time interval is often identified by people as related to motivation and decision making. By analogy, this suggests that dogs are simply trying to decide how to react to “events”, depending on whether they come from human or dog.

Diagram showing differences in dimensions depending on human or dog behavior on stimulus - Credits: Anna Bálint, Huba Eleőd, Lilla Magyari, Anna Kis and Márta Gácsi
Diagram showing differences in dimensions depending on human or dog behavior on stimulus – Credits: Anna Bálint, Huba Eleőd, Lilla Magyari, Anna Kis and Márta Gácsi

Therefore, the study emphasizes a particular treatment of the brain devoted to human manifestations. If they don’t understand everything, the dogs want to understand us differently than one of their companions. Probably better than we do through our systematic anthropomorphism.

Also read> Fallout 4: the dog that served as Canigou’s model in the game is dead

Source: RoyalSociety

Leave a Comment