What does the law say about dog barking?

Are you worried about your neighbor’s dog barking or, on the contrary, does your dog constantly barking to the point of disturbing the neighborhood? Beware that the law considers barking at a dog night and day to be a barking noise that can be a fine for its owner. We will examine the regulations that have been implemented and the solutions that will be put in place.

What does the law say about dog barking?

Barking at a dog is considered by law to be a domestic nuisance. In short, they are considered to disturb the neighborhood such as the noise of a lawnmower, loud music or television, songs, crying or heels, and so on.

However, the law makes a difference according to the time these skins are released by the animal.

Noise during the day (from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.)

This is article R. 1334-31 of the Public Health Code which governs regulations relating to various forms of noise pollution. Specifically specified that “no particular noise shall, by its duration, recurrence or intensity, affect the peace of the neighborhood or human health, in a public or private place, that a person himself in origin or even through the intermediary of a person, of something he is in charge of or of an animal placed under his responsibility ”.

Between 7 a.m. and 10 p.m., it is therefore forbidden to make noise during the day. If your dog’s barking disturbs your neighborhood due to its repetitive, severe and/or prolonged nature, you are exposing yourself to the risk of penalties. As a result, your pet’s barking can be considered a nuisance if it is too loud, repetitive or prolonged.

Barking power is not below tolerance thresholds like other noise sources, even if other municipalities impose strict regulations. However, neighborhood tolerance should also be considered, as some people are more sensitive to noise than others.

When barking your dog is considered a day nuisance, you are liable to a specific fine of 68 euros, with an increase of 180 euros if unpaid within 45 days. If the injured neighbor files an appeal in civil court, you may be forced to pay him or her damages.

Noise at night (from 10 pm to 7 am)

If your dog barks between 10pm and 7am, then it’s night. In this case, the law is stricter and it is article R. 623-2 of the Penal Code which prescribes the punishment to be imposed in the event of “offensive or nocturnal noise or noise disturbing the tranquility of others”.

If barking occurs at night, it is considered a nuisance, even if it is not repeated, loud or prolonged. The disturbance caused, in the middle of the night, was enough to consider it an abnormal disturbance for the neighborhood.

What to do if there is trouble if you are bothered by your neighbor’s dog?

Granted, the barking of your neighbor’s dog can be hard to bear, as can the roar of a rooster. But even if the law gives you a reason, avoid threatening his master, at the risk of severely affecting your relationship. Here are our tips.

A good dialogue

Instead of attacking and threatening your neighbor with lawsuits, start by starting a cautious dialogue. In fact, he doesn’t realize the annoyance that his dog’s barking may represent you or maybe he’s already looking for solutions.

Start by talking to him calmly, letting him know that his pet straws at specific times of the day or night. If this happens in his absence, he will wholeheartedly ignore it. But it is also possible that your neighbor has also experienced this severe beetle and has yet to find a solution.

There are many reasons why a dog will bark. He can endure the loss of his masters badly, but can also be a anxious animal, tired, without enough effort on his own, not knowing how to handle his failure. , with a very strong defensive instinct, and so on. There are solutions to help the animal stop barking, but owners don’t have to control it.

You can, on your side, be strong with suggestions. Don’t hesitate to talk to your neighbor about possible solutions to help his animal feel better and to reduce and stop his recurring barking. Show yourself as kind as possible so as not to have the role of lesson giver.

Of course, for this to lead to work, your neighbor needs to be receptive to it and willing to improve the situation. It also happens that some people get angry when they receive advice about them or their animal, because they feel they are judged by their way of doing things.

A friendly reminder of the rules

If dialogue is impossible, you can move on to the next step, which is still a good solution, better than legal action. You can send a polite letter to your neighbor reminding him of the law that is enforced regarding barking his dog, which qualifies as noise pollution, as well as the penalties to which he is exposed. Do not hesitate to quote the Public Health Code and the legal texts referring to it.

A simple letter is enough in the beginning, but if the situation does not improve, renew your shipment by registered mail with acknowledgment of receipt. This can be evidence of your attempted settlement.

You can also enlist the help of the co-ownership syndicate or a justice conciliator to resolve this dispute as much as possible, or even arrest a bailiff who can go to the site to observe the troubles with in relation to dog barking.

The route of litigation

If your attempt to find a peaceful solution is not successful, you can call the police (gendarmerie or municipal police) to go and observe the disturbance on the site.

If trouble is actually observed, the police can impose a fine of 68 euros on your neighbor, if he is the owner of the dog or if it is in his temporary responsibility. If your neighbor does not pay it within 45 days, it will be increased to 180 euros.

The police may also send the neighbor a formal notice requiring him or her to find a solution to solve the noise pollution problem. If they do not comply with this directive, your neighbor may be fined a second time or have their animal confiscated.

You can also file a case in civil court to seek compensation for damages. To do this, you need to show strong evidence such as your letters sent to your neighbor, a copy of the report from the police, testimonies from other neighbors who are victims as well, a medical certificate from your doctor confirming the negative effects of noise pollution on your health and well -being, and so on. If you get satisfaction, the judge may order your neighbor to pay damages to you, or even take other steps (such as ending the neighbor’s lease if he or she is a tenant).

On the other hand, if you alert the police or if you mistakenly go to court, your neighbor may file a complaint against you for slanderous criticism and the criminal court may force you to pay him damages, fines and fines. up to 45,000 euros. or up to 5 years imprisonment if a complaint is filed.

What to do if there is trouble when your dog is disturbing the neighborhood?

If your dog is causing trouble, you need to take action to help stop his barking. Initially, you need to know the origin of this disease to give the appropriate response. Let’s take a look at the main causes of excessive barking in dogs.


If your dog is very excited, he may bark repeatedly to vent his frustration and excessive loudness. Teach him a simple command that will help calm him down.

  • Step 1: At home, teach your dog to account for “stopping” on something positive. Say “stop” and pay attention to him.
  • Step 2: when he starts to bother with your outings, tell him to “stop” and invite him to come back to you to pick up his food.
  • Step 3: Encourage your dog with the toy he enjoys. When he approaches it, “stop” and pay attention to him if he obeys you.
  • Step 4: When your dog barks, try the same technique. Tell him to “stop” and reward him with a treat if he complies.


Your dog may be barking from boredom. If he can’t do himself as much as he needs to or if he can’t stand your loss, develop good manners. An outing in the garden is not enough, your dog should walk at least 30 minutes every day to explore new stimulating environments.

Also, if you don’t, leave the inspiring toys to come to occupy him.

The conditioning

You may have unintentionally taught your dog to bark for gratification. For example, if your dog barks for you to play with him in the garden and if, in order not to disturb the neighborhood, you give in right away, he will know that when he wants to play with you, he can. on the skin. A habit that can be repeated with each request.

On the contrary, you should ignore your pooch. His barking quickly stops when he sees that he is not getting what he wants.

Do not hesitate to consult your veterinarian for his opinion on the matter. He or she can refer you to a ethical veterinarian if necessary to put in place a more appropriate solution.

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