Since ancient times man has had wolves that have evolved by contacting man and given the first dogs to help them in the hunt. The first hunting dogs began more than 9000 years ago, due to the burials of dogs found in Japan. Today, there are many dog breeds, some of which are bred by man to have traits that are more useful for hunting.
So let’s take a look at the top 10 dog breeds that are most suitable for hunting in France. But before you get started, it’s important to fully understand the different types of hunting dogs, each of which has a specific purpose.
Different types of hunting dogs
- teaching dogs: these dogs seek to find play (mostly birds) by smell and catch them,
- holes: as their name suggests, these hunting dogs take prey hidden in burrows, such as rabbits.
- dogs in search of blood: these dogs are very good trackers once the victim is injured, because they are able to follow any game within a few kilometers, by the smell of blood.
There are others, but they are very little used in France, or banned from hunting. So we will not talk about it in this article. Now that we’ve covered the basics, the top 10 can begin.
Originally from Germany, the Weimaraner was used in hunting as a pointing dog. He is a medium-sized dog with a gray coat. It measures 62 to 67cm in males for males, and 59 to 63cm for females, weighs an average of 30 to 40kg, and usually lives 10 to 12 years.
The Weimaraner was already used as a hunting dog by Louis IX. Nowadays, the pointer is a sociable dog, requiring a lot of exercise. The master must also be strong in educating him. He is a dog who loves children, and is quite protective, not aggressive.
This little English -born dog is a popular breed today as a simple companion dog, due to its constant presence in movies. The beagle measures between 33 and 40cm in the wild, weighs between 8 and 22kg and has an average lifespan of 10 to 15 years.
However, it was originally a hunting dog, with a white coat with a beige or black color, used as a blood -finding dog. He is a very playful dog who loves children, and who also makes a good shepherd dog. In addition, the education of this relatively obedient dog is not very complicated, as long as he can practice daily physical activity.
The English setter is a medium-sized British hunting dog with a white coat with black, beige or brown dots depending on the individual. It measures 61 to 68cm in the dry, weighs an average of about thirty kilograms, and usually lives 10 to 12 years.
In hunting, he is used as a trainer dog. This dog needs a solid education, but he is very friendly with other dogs and children, even if some are afraid of strangers.
As its name suggests, the Brittany Spaniel is a dog that comes from Brittany. It has a white coat with light brown spots. He is a very intelligent and obedient dog. It measures 45 to 51cm in the dry, weighs 14 to 18kg and can live for about 14 to 15 years.
He is especially popular with hunters who use him as a pointer. He is very socially balanced and can adapt to any life, whether children or other animals. In addition, he is very easy to train.
Bruno from Jura
Bruno du Jura, who is of Swiss descent, is moderate in height and wears a white coat with bright coffee spots with long ears. It measures 50 to 60cm in the dry, weighs between 20 and 25kg and lives on average between 12 and 13 years.
Bruno du Jura, calm and obedient, is used as a blood -seeking dog. He is very attached to his master, but also dynamic and therefore has to work hard on himself daily physically.
This cocker, the result of a cross between Spanish cockers and English hunting dogs, is now represented as a companion dog, mainly because of the comic “Boule et Bill”. The English cocker spaniel is usually light fawn, although there are others with a black or white colored coat. It measures 38 to 41cm in the dry, weighs 12 to 16kg and has a life span that varies between 12 and 15 years.
It was, however, originally a blood -seeking dog. Easy to train, this dog loves to play, and loves to interact with children, where he can be protected without being aggressive.
It is a family and not a different one, as there is the wire-haired dachshund, the smooth-haired dachshund and the long-haired dachshund. This little dog from Germany with a brindle coat, usually measures 35cm in height at a weight of 9kg, and can live between 10 and 15 years.
The dachshund was originally a dog intended for digging, but it turned out to be a very good researcher by blood, as well as a very good terrier. She prefers to live with other dogs, because of her background since she lives in a pack, but she can also be alone. This obedient little dog is also suitable for family life.
The Cairn Terrier is a dog native to Scotland. This small dog with a fawn coat measures between 26 to 31 cm on average, for a weight of 6 to 10 kg and has a life span of about 13 years.
The cairn terrier is excellent for flushing rodents out of their burrow. He was one of the earliest known terrier dogs. He is a very playful dog, who adores children, but it needs to be strong during his education, because he has a tendency to bite when he is a puppy. He also has to work hard physically every day.
Of English origin, there are two varieties of fox terriers: those with curly hair, which are the most common, and those with smooth hair, which are quite rare. They have a white coat, have a brown or black color. These medium-sized dogs range in size from 35 to 40cm in the wild, weigh 7 to 9.5kg, and usually live about fifteen years.
Fox terriers are excellent fox hunters. This breed is very intelligent, quite playful, but also protective of children. He is also a good shepherd dog.
Great Gascony Blue
This dog, which is from Gascony, France, is part of the Gascony blue family with four breeds: the small Gascony blue, the Gascony blue basset, the Gascony blue griffon and the large Gascony blue which is one of the most kaylap. She was medium height and had a spotted white dress with black spots. This dog measures 62 to 72cm in height, weighs 35 to 39kg on average and usually lives 12 years.
It is a very good blood hunting dog, it is also used for court hunting.
The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is an intelligent variety that is very attached to its owner. He is also gentle with children, somewhat protective, and gets along with other dogs.