the details of the mission to emerge in 2022

L ‘space exploration took the form of the Cold War. On April 12, Vladimir Putin made his first outing from Moscow since the start of the war in Ukraine, on February 24, 2022. He visited his Belarusian counterpart, Alexander Lukashenko, the two heads of state making a television intervention since Vostochny Cosmodromeeast of Russia.

On this very symbolic date, marks the 61st anniversary of the first spacecraft. Yuri GagarinVladimir Putin wants to be remembered importance to Russia in the field of space coverage and announced the return of lunar missions from 2022. The space agency Roscosmos will have to coordinate the Space 25 mission, a robotic scientific mission to study the Moon. This is the first Russian survey to land on our natural satellite since 1976 and the Space 24 mission.

Back to the future

The Russian News Agency RIA Novosti revealed on April 8 that Roscosmos plans to launch the Luna 25 probe on August 22, 2022. If the mission has already experienced delays, Vladimir Putin reportedly asked the director general of the space agency, Dmitry Rogozin, that the investigation could be ready before September according to the Tass news agency. Space 25 could effectively signify Russia’s return to aerospace, as the sector is suffering from a deep economic crisis caused bybreakdown in the Soviet bloc in 1991.

The first sketches for Luna 25 emerged in 1997. The project, formerly called “Luna Glob”, was formalized in 2005 and the probe to fly to the Moon in 2012. But as delays followed, the failure of Fobos-Grunt mission to Mars resulted in the postponement of Space 25 to 2016. Space 25 will be launched from the Vostochny cosmodrome with Soyuz 2.1b and land near the South Pole after a five -day trip.

Once on the moon, Space 25 will participate in various lunar land experiments. The main purposes have to do with the analysis of regolith, which covers the entire surface of the Moon with a layer of white dust. The probe will also be able to observe thermal variation in the region’s regolith, which will provide researchers with indications of the potential presence of water in the Moon’s inner layers.

Russia is alone

The Space 25 mission will take place in collaboration with the European Space Agency (ESA), but the war waged by Russia has made possible better scientific collaborations between this country and Western space institutions. On April 13, ESA said it was withdrawing The missions in Space 25, 26 and 27. A new failure, while the ExoMars mission also suffers from thunders geopolitical tensions in Russia and will definitely not leave in 2022.

It’s hard to predict if Roscosmos will meet its deadlines and succeed in launching Luna 25 on August. Most specialists agree that landing on the Moon is a risky task. But the Luna 25 mission is of great importance for Russia, and will be the first milestone for China’s cooperation in building on the permanent lunar base, theInternational Lunar Research Station (ILRS), which is expected to start in 2026.

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