The UN Security Council on Thursday approved a resolution establishing a formal and lasting relationship with the Taliban Afghanistan, against a backdrop of the country’s deep economic crisis. To avoid the collapse of the country, the UN has called for several months for the easing of sanctions imposed on Kabul since August 2021 and the seizure of power by radical Islamists as well as the resumption of dialogue.
While international public opinion is now focused on the war in Ukraine, the time when images of the Taliban’s capture of Kabul have risen seems far away. Six months ago, Afghanistan under the yoke of the Taliban seemed embarrassed to emerge from isolation on the international scene, even if no country official recognized the regime. The UN Security Council resolution, approved on Thursday by 14 votes out of 15 in the Council, opens a new chapter in the country’s relations by validating the new mission mandate of the UN politics in the country. (Manua) for one year, until March 17, 2023.
“This new Manua mandate is essential not only to respond to the immediate humanitarian and economic crisis, but also to achieve our ultimate goal of peace and stability in Afghanistan.said Norwegian Ambassador to the UN Mona Juul, whose country is drafting the resolution. “The Council sent a clear message with this new mandate: Manua has an important role to play in promoting peace and stability in Afghanistan and in supporting the Afghan people as they work. in the face of challenges and uncertainties like never before.“, He added.
The text overhauls the UN’s relationship with Afghanistan, to consider taking on the Taliban in mid-August, whose name is not directly mentioned in the text, and for which there is currently no UN representation. The resolution details several aspects of cooperation against the backdrop of the dramatic economic and social situation: humanitarian, political, defense of women’s rights. Russia, for its part, also avoided voting for the resolution, because “the consent of the de facto authorities”, Which is the Taliban, disappear. “The fragmentation of the UN has existed in the past, it has further survived the war in Ukraine“, however, angered an ambassador from a Security Council member country.
Manua had to docoordinate and conduct, in accordance with international law, including international humanitarian law, and in accordance with humanitarian principles, the provision of humanitarian assistance and financial resources to support humanitarian activities“as in the text. On the political side, the diplomatic missionprovide outreach and good office services, including facilitating dialogue with all relevant political actors and stakeholders in Afghanistan», Promotes the promotion of inclusive, representative governance. The text insists on afull, fair and meaningful participation of women“, while the latter has so far not been included in the management provided by the Taliban. The defense of human rights is also discussed later to ensure that any abuse is recorded independently of the UN.
A catastrophic humanitarian situation
The war in Ukraine should not be done “unlearn“the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan,”where attention and resources are required“, said on Tuesday in Kabul the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi. Since the Taliban rule, after the withdrawal of American forces, Afghanistan has fallen into a deep financial crisis, exacerbating a devastating humanitarian situation after four decades of conflict and recent droughts.Feat now threatens 23 million Afghans, or 55% of the population, according to the UN, while Afghanistan’s assets are outside country froze and international aid, which spends almost 75% of Afghanistan’s budget, began to slowly return after it ceased.The Taliban’s power, at the political level, remains rooted in ideological-religious archaisms, which make to a relaxation of penalties that cannot be imposed in the short term.Since coming to power in August, the new regime has imposed various bans on women and girls, bis still with initial promises that their regime would be less strict than their first succession (1996-2001).
Since last summer and to balance the lack of foreign contacts, the new Taliban regime has been engaging in more active direct diplomacy, for example by sending delegations to Oslo, Geneva or even Doha, where they met several officers. Faced with the humanitarian crisis threatening the country, the UN agreed to a gradual resumption of dialogue, as Filippo Grandi pointed out: “When 25 years ago this country disappeared from the radar screen, it ended badly […] We cannot follow the same path. I hope common sense prevails”, Referring to the years of civil war that led to the first Taliban rule (1996 to 2001). However, Manua must make sure that it “the eyes and ears of the international community in Afghanistanthe following year, the organization Human Rights Watch responded.